Photographers / Act of Faith

Act of Faith

David Farrell

David Farrell

ASH/SIN

Ash shows how deeply permeated Ireland is by Catholicism, in both an historical sense, and socially and politically. Since the 1990s, simultaneously with the country's economic progress, Catholicism has however been losing ground. David Farrrell photographed Ash Wednesday, the rite marking the beginning of Lent, symbolizing the believer's sensitivity to sins that have been committed - a ritual in which Irish Catholics still display their devotion. He also did the series Sin (from the larger series Church) on confessionals - dark, complex places where the truth is hidden from the outside world.

David Farrell >>

  • ASH/SIN

    Ash shows how deeply permeated Ireland is by Catholicism, in both an historical sense, and socially and politically. Since the 1990s, simultaneously with the country's economic progress, Catholicism has however been losing ground. David Farrrell photographed Ash Wednesday, the rite marking the beginning of Lent, symbolizing the believer's sensitivity to sins that have been committed - a ritual in which Irish Catholics still display their devotion. He also did the series Sin (from the larger series Church) on confessionals - dark, complex places where the truth is hidden from the outside world.

  • ASH/SIN

John Angerson

John Angerson

LOVE, POWER, SACRIFICE - LIFE WITH THE JESUS ARMY (Great Britain, 1987-2007)

John Angerson has been working on his portrait of the Jesus Army for twenty years. This evangelical sect was founded in Northamptonshire, England, in 1969. The Jesus Army has proven highly successful with its emotional, comprehensive brand of religious experience. The members - often previously addicts or criminals - give up all private property, live in communes and share their incomes. Thus the Jesus Army provides them with a new start. John Angerson has made an intimate portrait of the movement, which for him represents the revival of fundamentalist religions all over the world. His project takes its title from the motto of the Jesus Army: Love, Power, Sacrifice. – A baptism takes place at Cornhill Manor, in the village of Pattishall Northampton.

John Angerson >>

  • LOVE, POWER, SACRIFICE - LIFE WITH THE JESUS ARMY (Great Britain, 1987-2007)

    John Angerson has been working on his portrait of the Jesus Army for twenty years. This evangelical sect was founded in Northamptonshire, England, in 1969. The Jesus Army has proven highly successful with its emotional, comprehensive brand of religious experience. The members - often previously addicts or criminals - give up all private property, live in communes and share their incomes. Thus the Jesus Army provides them with a new start. John Angerson has made an intimate portrait of the movement, which for him represents the revival of fundamentalist religions all over the world. His project takes its title from the motto of the Jesus Army: Love, Power, Sacrifice. – A baptism takes place at Cornhill Manor, in the village of Pattishall Northampton.

  • LOVE, POWER, SACRIFICE - LIFE WITH THE JESUS ARMY (Great Britain, 1987-2007)

    Armed with tambourines and songbooks, members begin an impromptu celebration of their faith in the main shopping area of Leeds.

  • LOVE, POWER, SACRIFICE - LIFE WITH THE JESUS ARMY (Great Britain, 1987-2007)

    Members from the Crown of Life community house travel weekly across South Yorkshire, visiting people in their homes and holding group worship sessions.

  • LOVE, POWER, SACRIFICE - LIFE WITH THE JESUS ARMY (Great Britain, 1987-2007)

    Wooden cross at a ‘Celebrate Jesus’ Easter rally, held annually in a giant marquee at Cornhill Manor, Northamptonshire.

  • LOVE, POWER, SACRIFICE - LIFE WITH THE JESUS ARMY (Great Britain, 1987-2007)

Toufic Araman

Toufic Araman

TERRORIST WITHIN (United Arab Emirates, 2007)

Terrorist Within was the result of a workshop with artists from countries including Egypt, Israel, Syria and the United States. Based on their ideas Toufic Araman created an image that reflects on the global interconnections among war, ideologies and the economy. The central question: who is the terrorist? – Milk and Honey

Toufic Araman >>

  • TERRORIST WITHIN (United Arab Emirates, 2007)

    Terrorist Within was the result of a workshop with artists from countries including Egypt, Israel, Syria and the United States. Based on their ideas Toufic Araman created an image that reflects on the global interconnections among war, ideologies and the economy. The central question: who is the terrorist? – Milk and Honey

Eve Arnold

Eve Arnold

USA BLACK MUSLIMS (United States, 1961)

Eve Arnold was able to get permission from Malcolm X to follow him for two years with her camera. Malcolm X was the leader of the religious and political movement, the Nation of Islam, which advocates the supremacy of the black race. Arnold was invariably the only white face at Nation of Islam meetings. She was forced to wear special nonflammable clothing after cigarette butts were regularly stubbed out on her. At one of the rallies she was able to record the visit of George Lincoln Rockwell, the leader of the American Nazi Party. At the time she began her reportage, the Nation of Islam was still an unfamiliar organization in America. Life Magazine pulled the photographs at the last moment, because they would have appeared above an advertisement for chocolate cookies. – Washington, D.C. Malcolm X at a Black Muslim meeting.

Eve Arnold >>

  • USA BLACK MUSLIMS (United States, 1961)

    Eve Arnold was able to get permission from Malcolm X to follow him for two years with her camera. Malcolm X was the leader of the religious and political movement, the Nation of Islam, which advocates the supremacy of the black race. Arnold was invariably the only white face at Nation of Islam meetings. She was forced to wear special nonflammable clothing after cigarette butts were regularly stubbed out on her. At one of the rallies she was able to record the visit of George Lincoln Rockwell, the leader of the American Nazi Party. At the time she began her reportage, the Nation of Islam was still an unfamiliar organization in America. Life Magazine pulled the photographs at the last moment, because they would have appeared above an advertisement for chocolate cookies. – Washington, D.C. Malcolm X at a Black Muslim meeting.

  • USA BLACK MUSLIMS (United States, 1961)

    Washington, D.C. Black Muslim children at a Muslim meeting at the Uline Arena.

  • USA BLACK MUSLIMS (United States, 1961)

    George Lincoln Rockwell flanked by members of the American Nazi Party, at a meeting of the Black Muslim movement.

  • USA BLACK MUSLIMS (United States, 1961)

Olivia Arthur

Olivia Arthur

IN THE NAME OF GOD (India, 2005)

Olivia Arthur photographed the ramnamis in India. These leather workers are on the lowest rung of the caste system. Because they process the skins of the holy cows they are 'untouchables' and are, for instance, forbidden to enter Hindu temples. As an expression of their own proud religious convictions the ramnamis tattoo the name of the god Ram all over their bodies. In this way they wish to show that everyone is equal in the eyes of God and that they have no need of temples to confess their faith. The tattoos of a divine name on the skin of an unclean person are at the same time a provocation addressed to the higher castes.

Olivia Arthur >>

  • IN THE NAME OF GOD (India, 2005)

    Olivia Arthur photographed the ramnamis in India. These leather workers are on the lowest rung of the caste system. Because they process the skins of the holy cows they are 'untouchables' and are, for instance, forbidden to enter Hindu temples. As an expression of their own proud religious convictions the ramnamis tattoo the name of the god Ram all over their bodies. In this way they wish to show that everyone is equal in the eyes of God and that they have no need of temples to confess their faith. The tattoos of a divine name on the skin of an unclean person are at the same time a provocation addressed to the higher castes.

Roshanak Bahramlou

Roshanak Bahramlou

DOUBLE LIFE: FEMININITY IN TEHRAN (Iran, 2006)

Many young women in Iran lead a schizophrenic existence. In public they must cover their bodies and head with burkas and headscarves. In private they can literally let the veil drop and enjoy their freedom. Double Life literally lets you see the difference. – Saina, 21 years old, studying information technology in Tehran. 'I change my hairstyle twice a month. I like the idea of always looking different. But one day I will get out of here. The fear of being arrested is too great. I am a practicing Muslim. I pray, I take part in the Sugar Feast [the celebration at the end of the fasting during Ramadan], but it's awful that I have to cover myself. For that reason alone I want out of here.'

Roshanak Bahramlou >>

  • DOUBLE LIFE: FEMININITY IN TEHRAN (Iran, 2006)

    Many young women in Iran lead a schizophrenic existence. In public they must cover their bodies and head with burkas and headscarves. In private they can literally let the veil drop and enjoy their freedom. Double Life literally lets you see the difference. – Saina, 21 years old, studying information technology in Tehran. 'I change my hairstyle twice a month. I like the idea of always looking different. But one day I will get out of here. The fear of being arrested is too great. I am a practicing Muslim. I pray, I take part in the Sugar Feast [the celebration at the end of the fasting during Ramadan], but it's awful that I have to cover myself. For that reason alone I want out of here.'

Anna Barry-Jester

Anna Barry-Jester

EVANGELICOS (Nicaragua, 2006)

In 2006 Nicaragua was once again big news: a proposed law to forbid medical abortion ran into international opposition. In Nicaragua itself thousands of people took to the streets to demonstrate their support for the proposal. Candidates in the upcoming presidential election had no choice except to support the bill. Any other position would have been political suicide. After all, forty percent of the population of Nicaragua are conservative Catholics. – Drunk on the Holy Spirit

Anna Barry-Jester >>

  • EVANGELICOS (Nicaragua, 2006)

    In 2006 Nicaragua was once again big news: a proposed law to forbid medical abortion ran into international opposition. In Nicaragua itself thousands of people took to the streets to demonstrate their support for the proposal. Candidates in the upcoming presidential election had no choice except to support the bill. Any other position would have been political suicide. After all, forty percent of the population of Nicaragua are conservative Catholics. – Drunk on the Holy Spirit

Raymond Barthes

Raymond Barthes

REVIVAL VILLAGE (Madagascar, 2006)

During the period of British domination in the 19th century religious communities flourished on Madagascar. One of them is still to be found in the isolated mountain village of Soatanana. The residents live according to the strict rules of their faith, Spiritual Revival, an offshoot of Christianity. For instance, everyone wears white, as a sign of their purity. Raymond Barthes photographed the village, after discovering that his grandmother had grown up there. He found a completely self-sufficient community, and asked himself how it would respond to rising globalization and emancipation: will it join in these currents, or withdraw still further? – Every Sunday the whole community goes to the church. In the background, Sleeping Woman and Crying Woman mountains.

Raymond Barthes >>

  • REVIVAL VILLAGE (Madagascar, 2006)

    During the period of British domination in the 19th century religious communities flourished on Madagascar. One of them is still to be found in the isolated mountain village of Soatanana. The residents live according to the strict rules of their faith, Spiritual Revival, an offshoot of Christianity. For instance, everyone wears white, as a sign of their purity. Raymond Barthes photographed the village, after discovering that his grandmother had grown up there. He found a completely self-sufficient community, and asked himself how it would respond to rising globalization and emancipation: will it join in these currents, or withdraw still further? – Every Sunday the whole community goes to the church. In the background, Sleeping Woman and Crying Woman mountains.

  • REVIVAL VILLAGE (Madagascar, 2006)

    Soatanana is een zelfvoorzienend plattelandsdorpje met een eigen ziekenhuis en een particuliere school.

  • REVIVAL VILLAGE (Madagascar, 2006)

    The Spiritual Revival church has precisely enough seats for all 2500 villagers.

  • REVIVAL VILLAGE (Madagascar, 2006)

Pablo Bartholomew

Pablo Bartholomew

ETHNIC VIOLENCE IN INDIA (India, 1990-1992)

Since India became independent in 1947, fighting has regularly flared up among the various religious and ethnic groups in its population. The lowest point in the ongoing conflict between Muslims and Hindus to date came in 1992. That was the year that about 150,000 Hindu fundamentalists destroyed the Babri Mosque in Ayodha, because they regarded the site on which it had been built to be the birthplace of one of their gods. That was followed in 1993 by a protest by the Sikh movement, seeking independence. A small demonstration caused by a shortage of drinking water and electricity in Punjab degenerated into an ethnic war that produced thousands of victims and cost the premier, Indra Gandhi, her life. Pablo Bartholomew documented the religious and ethnic violence in India. – The Sarbat Khalsa, near the Golden Temple in Amritsar.

Pablo Bartholomew >>

  • ETHNIC VIOLENCE IN INDIA (India, 1990-1992)

    Since India became independent in 1947, fighting has regularly flared up among the various religious and ethnic groups in its population. The lowest point in the ongoing conflict between Muslims and Hindus to date came in 1992. That was the year that about 150,000 Hindu fundamentalists destroyed the Babri Mosque in Ayodha, because they regarded the site on which it had been built to be the birthplace of one of their gods. That was followed in 1993 by a protest by the Sikh movement, seeking independence. A small demonstration caused by a shortage of drinking water and electricity in Punjab degenerated into an ethnic war that produced thousands of victims and cost the premier, Indra Gandhi, her life. Pablo Bartholomew documented the religious and ethnic violence in India. – The Sarbat Khalsa, near the Golden Temple in Amritsar.

  • ETHNIC VIOLENCE IN INDIA (India, 1990-1992)

    A woman in the ruins of her house after violence in Seelampur in December, 1992.

  • ETHNIC VIOLENCE IN INDIA (India, 1990-1992)

    During the riots that followed the assassination of Indra Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards, the homes of Sikhs were looted and burned. Nearly two thousand innocent Sikhs were killed in these riots. Many members of the ruling Congress Party were involved in the riots, and many of the cases which grew out of the riots are still tied up in the Indian courts.

  • ETHNIC VIOLENCE IN INDIA (India, 1990-1992)

    On October 30, 1990, Hindu fundamentalists marched on the Babri Mosque, vowing to demolish it and build a temple to the Hindu god Ram on the site. Police intervention initially frustrated their plans, but on December 6, 1992, the mosque was destroyed.

Manuel Bauer

Manuel Bauer

ESCAPE FROM TIBET (Tibet / India, 1995)

The occupation of Tibet by China has left behind deep scars. Tibetan culture is being erased and many Tibetans have been victims of humiliations, discrimination and torture. In the footsteps of the Dalai Lama, who left the country in 1959, 80,000 Tibetans have fled to India. To reach India one has to make the rough, perilous crossing over the Himalayas. Manuel Bauer was the first to photograph this dangerous trek. In 1995 he accompanied a Tibetan father and daughter who wanted to flee from Lhasa to the Indian city of Dharmsala. Their journey to freedom lasted 22 days and they suffered from hunger and frostbite on the way. Bauer's reportage ultimately became world-famous. – On the sixth day after their departure from Lhasa, and after a longer stay in Shigatse, Yangdol and her father arrange a lift with a truck driver who is on his way to Tingri, in Shigatse Tingri, Tibet.

Manuel Bauer >>

  • ESCAPE FROM TIBET (Tibet / India, 1995)

    The occupation of Tibet by China has left behind deep scars. Tibetan culture is being erased and many Tibetans have been victims of humiliations, discrimination and torture. In the footsteps of the Dalai Lama, who left the country in 1959, 80,000 Tibetans have fled to India. To reach India one has to make the rough, perilous crossing over the Himalayas. Manuel Bauer was the first to photograph this dangerous trek. In 1995 he accompanied a Tibetan father and daughter who wanted to flee from Lhasa to the Indian city of Dharmsala. Their journey to freedom lasted 22 days and they suffered from hunger and frostbite on the way. Bauer's reportage ultimately became world-famous. – On the sixth day after their departure from Lhasa, and after a longer stay in Shigatse, Yangdol and her father arrange a lift with a truck driver who is on his way to Tingri, in Shigatse Tingri, Tibet.

  • ESCAPE FROM TIBET (Tibet / India, 1995)

    Late in the afternoon of the tenth day Yangdol and her father reach the top of the pass of Nangpa La, lying at 5716 meters and the boundary between Tibet and Nepal. They honor the gods by placing a white khata (scarf) on a la tse (stone cairn) while shouting out lha giallo, 'The gods have won!'

  • ESCAPE FROM TIBET (Tibet / India, 1995)

    Exhausted by the high altitude, Yangdol and her father can only manage a few steps at a time before they collapse back into the snow. Tibet.

  • ESCAPE FROM TIBET (Tibet / India, 1995)

    After arriving in the Indian city of Delhi, Yangdol and her father take a rickshaw to the Tibetan reception center. They the will be registered and receive a ticket for the bus to Dharmsala.

  • ESCAPE FROM TIBET (Tibet / India, 1995)

    When he is in Dharmsala, His Holiness the fourteenth Dalai Lama holds receptions for newly arrived refugees. Here Yangdol meets the Dalai Lama for the first time in her life.

Aurore Belkin

Aurore Belkin

BANGKOK MOR DOOS (FORTUNE-TELLERS) (Thailand, 2006)

From factory workers to the highest government officials, in Thailand everyone visits the Mor Doos, or literally the 'future doctors'. As a result, these diviners have an indirect influence on government policy, which has led to various scandals. In making their predictions they chiefly draw on symbols and elements from Buddhism. Their contacts with their clients are emotional and intense. Mor Doos can be found everywhere: on the street, in shops, hotels and nightclubs. – Mor Doos looking through a magnifying glass.

Aurore Belkin >>

  • BANGKOK MOR DOOS (FORTUNE-TELLERS) (Thailand, 2006)

    From factory workers to the highest government officials, in Thailand everyone visits the Mor Doos, or literally the 'future doctors'. As a result, these diviners have an indirect influence on government policy, which has led to various scandals. In making their predictions they chiefly draw on symbols and elements from Buddhism. Their contacts with their clients are emotional and intense. Mor Doos can be found everywhere: on the street, in shops, hotels and nightclubs. – Mor Doos looking through a magnifying glass.

  • BANGKOK MOR DOOS (FORTUNE-TELLERS) (Thailand, 2006)

    Woman on the street, predicting the future.

  • BANGKOK MOR DOOS (FORTUNE-TELLERS) (Thailand, 2006)

Piers Benatar

Piers Benatar

IN A NATION OF ISLAM (Pakistan, 1998-2003)

In Pakistan Christians suffer under Islamic terror. Among his subjects, Piers Benatar photographed a village in Punjab that was destroyed by Muslims. Here religion was an instrument in the struggle for land. For Benatar, the oppression of Christians in Pakistan can stand for religious intolerance anywhere in the world. Iran, Afghanistan, the United States or the Arab world: nowhere do religious dogmas leave space for other views or interpretations. Benatar photographed Christians in Pakistan precisely in order to have his message come across more sharply in the overwhelmingly Christian West. – Shanti Nagar, Punjab. The stone cross that was broken off the church by the Muslims who attacked it is dragged inside by the pastor and a pair of boys, in preparation for the evening Mass.

Piers Benatar >>

  • IN A NATION OF ISLAM (Pakistan, 1998-2003)

    In Pakistan Christians suffer under Islamic terror. Among his subjects, Piers Benatar photographed a village in Punjab that was destroyed by Muslims. Here religion was an instrument in the struggle for land. For Benatar, the oppression of Christians in Pakistan can stand for religious intolerance anywhere in the world. Iran, Afghanistan, the United States or the Arab world: nowhere do religious dogmas leave space for other views or interpretations. Benatar photographed Christians in Pakistan precisely in order to have his message come across more sharply in the overwhelmingly Christian West. – Shanti Nagar, Punjab. The stone cross that was broken off the church by the Muslims who attacked it is dragged inside by the pastor and a pair of boys, in preparation for the evening Mass.

  • IN A NATION OF ISLAM (Pakistan, 1998-2003)

    Karachi, Sindh. Palm Sunday is celebrated in the Catholic cathedral. The boy is playing the donkey on which Jesus sits as he rides into Jerusalem.

  • IN A NATION OF ISLAM (Pakistan, 1998-2003)

    Shanti Nagar, Punjab. One of the destroyed houses in the village following the attack.

  • IN A NATION OF ISLAM (Pakistan, 1998-2003)

    Karachi, Sindh. Palm Sunday is celebrated in the Catholic Cathedral.

Hans Georg Berger

Hans Georg Berger

THE FLOATING BUDDHA - MEDITATION TEACHING IN LAOS (Laos, 2004-2005)

Hans Georg Berger photographs religions all over the world, following the ideal of Joseph Beuys, who as an artist wanted to become part of his subject. In Laos Berger worked for all of fourteen years on a series on Buddhism, in close cooperation with the monks of Luang Prabang. The Floating Buddha illuminates the lessons on meditation for 500 young monks in two training centers in the forest. In recent years Buddhism has been undergoing a renaissance in Laos, and these young monks are for the first time encountering meditation techniques oriented to tranquility, insight and self-awareness. – Walking meditation nr. 7. Vat Nagn Sakeo, Luang Prabang, 2004.

Hans Georg Berger >>

  • THE FLOATING BUDDHA - MEDITATION TEACHING IN LAOS (Laos, 2004-2005)

    Hans Georg Berger photographs religions all over the world, following the ideal of Joseph Beuys, who as an artist wanted to become part of his subject. In Laos Berger worked for all of fourteen years on a series on Buddhism, in close cooperation with the monks of Luang Prabang. The Floating Buddha illuminates the lessons on meditation for 500 young monks in two training centers in the forest. In recent years Buddhism has been undergoing a renaissance in Laos, and these young monks are for the first time encountering meditation techniques oriented to tranquility, insight and self-awareness. – Walking meditation nr. 7. Vat Nagn Sakeo, Luang Prabang, 2004.

  • THE FLOATING BUDDHA - MEDITATION TEACHING IN LAOS (Laos, 2004-2005)

    Monks’s bowls and plates. Vat Pa Pon Pao, Luang Prabang. 2004.

  • THE FLOATING BUDDHA - MEDITATION TEACHING IN LAOS (Laos, 2004-2005)

    Sitting meditation Nr. 8. Santi Stupa, Luang Prabang. 2004.

  • AWE AND HUMILITY - A VOYAGE INTO SHI'ITE ISLAM (Iran, 2000-2003)

    Hans Georg Berger photographs religions all over the world, following the ideal of Joseph Beuys, who as an artist wanted to become part of his subject. By working closely together with those being photographed and involving them in all the decisions, the usual division of roles - the artist decides, the subject is passive - is shattered. For making awe and humility, Berger spent six years at a Koranic school in Iran. There he met a curious community, who studied both the Koran and Western philosophy in a serene environment. – Shi'ite Polaroid Nr. 7. Mashhad, 2003.

  • AWE AND HUMILITY - A VOYAGE INTO SHI'ITE ISLAM (Iran, 2000-2003)

    Concentration. Isfanhan, 2001.

  • AWE AND HUMILITY - A VOYAGE INTO SHI'ITE ISLAM (Iran, 2000-2003)

    Discussion. Jamiat al-Zara Qom, 2003.

Sasha Bezzubov & Jessica Sucher

Sasha Bezzubov & Jessica Sucher

THE SEARCHERS (India, 2006)

It is a familiar picture: Westerners going off to India to imbibe its spiritual tradition. Sasha Bezzubov and Jessica Sucher asked themselves what the deeper significance is of this apparently good-natured tourism. They photographed the spiritual adventurers in the environment they came to find. Most of the places have been specifically created for them, and are surrounded by various service industries - a copy of the power relationship between East and West. The clothing and paraphernalia of the Westerners reminds one of their predecessors, who proclaimed India a spiritual oasis in the 1960s. The overexposure of the photographs represents their intermediate status, embodied in the journey and the spiritual search. – Meditation (Shivananda Yoga Vacation)

Sasha Bezzubov & Jessica Sucher >>

  • THE SEARCHERS (India, 2006)

    It is a familiar picture: Westerners going off to India to imbibe its spiritual tradition. Sasha Bezzubov and Jessica Sucher asked themselves what the deeper significance is of this apparently good-natured tourism. They photographed the spiritual adventurers in the environment they came to find. Most of the places have been specifically created for them, and are surrounded by various service industries - a copy of the power relationship between East and West. The clothing and paraphernalia of the Westerners reminds one of their predecessors, who proclaimed India a spiritual oasis in the 1960s. The overexposure of the photographs represents their intermediate status, embodied in the journey and the spiritual search. – Meditation (Shivananda Yoga Vacation)

  • THE SEARCHERS (India, 2006)

    Emily (Australia)

  • THE SEARCHERS (India, 2006)

    Sign

  • THE SEARCHERS (India, 2006)

    Temple beggars

  • THE SEARCHERS (India, 2006)

    Meditation (Osho Kundalini)

Andrew Biraj

Andrew Biraj

FAITH OF STATELESSNESS (Bangladesh, 2006)

Those who are considered refugees in Bangladesh are obliged to live in government-run camps. The largest group in these camps are the Islamic Biharis. They have been in this region for sixty years now, but still have no official status. The Biharis came from East Pakistan, but at the outbreak of the civil war in Pakistan in 1971 sided with Islamic West Pakistan. After the war East Pakistan became Bangladesh. It regards the Biharis as traitors, while Pakistan refuses to take them in for fear of being overwhelmed with refugees. Since then the Biharis have been stateless, and live under miserable conditions in Bangladesh. – A fire-juggler at the camp prepares for the big event of the tenth of Muharram, the following day. Many such displays will be seen the next day during the Muharram procession, an important event among Shi'ite Muslims worldwide, and one of the most important religious events among the camp-dwellers.

Andrew Biraj >>

  • FAITH OF STATELESSNESS (Bangladesh, 2006)

    Those who are considered refugees in Bangladesh are obliged to live in government-run camps. The largest group in these camps are the Islamic Biharis. They have been in this region for sixty years now, but still have no official status. The Biharis came from East Pakistan, but at the outbreak of the civil war in Pakistan in 1971 sided with Islamic West Pakistan. After the war East Pakistan became Bangladesh. It regards the Biharis as traitors, while Pakistan refuses to take them in for fear of being overwhelmed with refugees. Since then the Biharis have been stateless, and live under miserable conditions in Bangladesh. – A fire-juggler at the camp prepares for the big event of the tenth of Muharram, the following day. Many such displays will be seen the next day during the Muharram procession, an important event among Shi'ite Muslims worldwide, and one of the most important religious events among the camp-dwellers.

  • FAITH OF STATELESSNESS (Bangladesh, 2006)

    The alleyway between the houses, constantly crowded by people, also serves as a kitchen for most families.

  • FAITH OF STATELESSNESS (Bangladesh, 2006)

    People pray in a mosque inside the Bihari camp, while passers-by walk through the dark alley at dusk.

  • FAITH OF STATELESSNESS (Bangladesh, 2006)

    Children recite religious hymns in the days before the tenth of Muharram. Camp-dwellers are renowned for their impassioned religious hymns, and are often hired out to other parts of the city to display their prowess.

Christel Boertjes

Christel Boertjes

UNSTILL LIFE (Czech Republic, 2005-2007)

What distinguishes man from other living beings is his belief in immortality. As a consequence of this, many people find the idea attractive that there is more than just the here-and-now. They believe that life continues in one form or another after death - a view that is often articulated by religions. At the same time we repress our feelings of mortality, for instance by trying to erase signs of aging. Christel Boertjes did a series on these dual feelings that are inherent to mankind. Unstill Life is a work in progress.

Christel Boertjes >>

  • UNSTILL LIFE (Czech Republic, 2005-2007)

    What distinguishes man from other living beings is his belief in immortality. As a consequence of this, many people find the idea attractive that there is more than just the here-and-now. They believe that life continues in one form or another after death - a view that is often articulated by religions. At the same time we repress our feelings of mortality, for instance by trying to erase signs of aging. Christel Boertjes did a series on these dual feelings that are inherent to mankind. Unstill Life is a work in progress.

Ben Bohane

Ben Bohane

THE BLACK ISLANDS - SPIRIT AND WAR IN MELANESIA (Melanesia, 1994-2007)

Together with other groups of islands in the South Pacific, Polynesia and Micronesia, Melanesia makes up Oceania. Despite its turbulent history, it remains one of the world's most ignored places. Although the islands in the South Pacific are easily seen as tropical paradises, Melanesia is burdened with AIDS, unemployment, independence struggles and climate change. Ben Bohane photographed daily life in the archipelago, where religion plays a large role. In addition to the traditional animist sects, Islam and Christianity are gaining increased influence in Melanesia.

Ben Bohane >>

  • THE BLACK ISLANDS - SPIRIT AND WAR IN MELANESIA (Melanesia, 1994-2007)

    Together with other groups of islands in the South Pacific, Polynesia and Micronesia, Melanesia makes up Oceania. Despite its turbulent history, it remains one of the world's most ignored places. Although the islands in the South Pacific are easily seen as tropical paradises, Melanesia is burdened with AIDS, unemployment, independence struggles and climate change. Ben Bohane photographed daily life in the archipelago, where religion plays a large role. In addition to the traditional animist sects, Islam and Christianity are gaining increased influence in Melanesia.

  • THE BLACK ISLANDS - SPIRIT AND WAR IN MELANESIA (Melanesia, 1994-2007)

  • THE BLACK ISLANDS - SPIRIT AND WAR IN MELANESIA (Melanesia, 1994-2007)

  • THE BLACK ISLANDS - SPIRIT AND WAR IN MELANESIA (Melanesia, 1994-2007)

  • THE BLACK ISLANDS - SPIRIT AND WAR IN MELANESIA (Melanesia, 1994-2007)

Andreas Böhmig

Andreas Böhmig

HINDU RASTHRA (India, 2006)

The RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, or National Federation of Volunteers) is the largest organization of fundamentalist Hindus in India. The federation, established in the 1920s, strives for cultural and political dominance, in the process referring to the ideas of Adolf Hitler. According to the RSS, India must be cleansed of Christians and Muslims. In order to lend force to their hopes, they organize daily 'occupations' of public space throughout the country. At these places they raise the flag of an ideal future Hindu nation, the Hindu Rasthra. These political protests by the RSS regularly end up in severe riots.

Andreas Böhmig >>

  • HINDU RASTHRA (India, 2006)

    The RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, or National Federation of Volunteers) is the largest organization of fundamentalist Hindus in India. The federation, established in the 1920s, strives for cultural and political dominance, in the process referring to the ideas of Adolf Hitler. According to the RSS, India must be cleansed of Christians and Muslims. In order to lend force to their hopes, they organize daily 'occupations' of public space throughout the country. At these places they raise the flag of an ideal future Hindu nation, the Hindu Rasthra. These political protests by the RSS regularly end up in severe riots.

  • HINDU RASTHRA (India, 2006)

  • HINDU RASTHRA (India, 2006)

  • HINDU RASTHRA (India, 2006)

  • HINDU RASTHRA (India, 2006)

Tommasso Bonaventura

Tommasso Bonaventura

PATHS OF FAITH: THE GREAT CHRISTIAN PILGRIMAGES IN EUROPE (Bosnia / France / Portugal / Spain 2002-2003)

Every year thousands of pilgrims crisscross Europe on their way to places with evocative names such as Lourdes or Santiago de Compostela. Alone or in groups they follow pilgrimage routes, often centuries-old, doing penance for their sins, in hope of a miracle, or as a personal challenge and spiritual journey. Tommaso Bonaventura photographed these pilgrims on their travels, the roots of which lie more than a millennium back in history.

Tommasso Bonaventura >>

  • PATHS OF FAITH: THE GREAT CHRISTIAN PILGRIMAGES IN EUROPE (Bosnia / France / Portugal / Spain 2002-2003)

    Every year thousands of pilgrims crisscross Europe on their way to places with evocative names such as Lourdes or Santiago de Compostela. Alone or in groups they follow pilgrimage routes, often centuries-old, doing penance for their sins, in hope of a miracle, or as a personal challenge and spiritual journey. Tommaso Bonaventura photographed these pilgrims on their travels, the roots of which lie more than a millennium back in history.

  • PATHS OF FAITH: THE GREAT CHRISTIAN PILGRIMAGES IN EUROPE (Bosnia / France / Portugal / Spain 2002-2003)

  • PATHS OF FAITH: THE GREAT CHRISTIAN PILGRIMAGES IN EUROPE (Bosnia / France / Portugal / Spain 2002-2003)

  • PATHS OF FAITH: THE GREAT CHRISTIAN PILGRIMAGES IN EUROPE (Bosnia / France / Portugal / Spain 2002-2003)

  • PATHS OF FAITH: THE GREAT CHRISTIAN PILGRIMAGES IN EUROPE (Bosnia / France / Portugal / Spain 2002-2003)

Cosmelli and Monteleone & Bonaventura

Cosmelli and Monteleone & Bonaventura

MUSLIM COMMUNITIES IN EUROPE (Denmark / Germany / Great Britain / Sweden, 2006-2007)

Today there are about fifteen million Muslims in Europe. The Italian trio Cosmelli, Monteleone and Bonaventura photographed the dominant currents in countries such as Spain, England, Germany, The Netherlands and Sweden. They tried to work impartially, and each employed his own style. They saw people who are connected by their faith, but otherwise structure their lives in totally different ways. According to the three, that raises the question of what it means to speak of a European Muslim culture. Is this shaped primarily by European influences, or is it rather a catch-all of new cultures that remain immune to change?

Cosmelli and Monteleone & Bonaventura >>

  • MUSLIM COMMUNITIES IN EUROPE (Denmark / Germany / Great Britain / Sweden, 2006-2007)

    Today there are about fifteen million Muslims in Europe. The Italian trio Cosmelli, Monteleone and Bonaventura photographed the dominant currents in countries such as Spain, England, Germany, The Netherlands and Sweden. They tried to work impartially, and each employed his own style. They saw people who are connected by their faith, but otherwise structure their lives in totally different ways. According to the three, that raises the question of what it means to speak of a European Muslim culture. Is this shaped primarily by European influences, or is it rather a catch-all of new cultures that remain immune to change?

  • MUSLIM COMMUNITIES IN EUROPE (Denmark / Germany / Great Britain / Sweden, 2006-2007)

  • MUSLIM COMMUNITIES IN EUROPE (Denmark / Germany / Great Britain / Sweden, 2006-2007)

  • MUSLIM COMMUNITIES IN EUROPE (Denmark / Germany / Great Britain / Sweden, 2006-2007)

  • MUSLIM COMMUNITIES IN EUROPE (Denmark / Germany / Great Britain / Sweden, 2006-2007)

Mauro Bottaro

Mauro Bottaro

SOUTH OF LITANI (Lebanon, 2006)

At regular intervals during the civil war in Lebanon the Israeli army occupied the south bank of the Litani River, home to a large Shiite community. After the definitive Israeli withdrawal in 2000, the region came under the shared military supervision of the Shiite Hezbollah and the Sunni premier Rafic Hariri. With Hariri's murder in 2004, the country fell back into chaos. In July, 2006, a new conflict between Israel and Hezbollah followed, after an attack by Hezbollah on Israeli soldiers. The confrontation led to 1500 dead and more than a million refugees. Mauro Bottaro photographed life to the south of the Litani in the months after the ceasefire on September 8, 2006. He observed that their religion contributed to a large degree to the Shiites determination to continue to live in the area, whatever the circumstances.

Mauro Bottaro >>

  • SOUTH OF LITANI (Lebanon, 2006)

    At regular intervals during the civil war in Lebanon the Israeli army occupied the south bank of the Litani River, home to a large Shiite community. After the definitive Israeli withdrawal in 2000, the region came under the shared military supervision of the Shiite Hezbollah and the Sunni premier Rafic Hariri. With Hariri's murder in 2004, the country fell back into chaos. In July, 2006, a new conflict between Israel and Hezbollah followed, after an attack by Hezbollah on Israeli soldiers. The confrontation led to 1500 dead and more than a million refugees. Mauro Bottaro photographed life to the south of the Litani in the months after the ceasefire on September 8, 2006. He observed that their religion contributed to a large degree to the Shiites determination to continue to live in the area, whatever the circumstances.

  • SOUTH OF LITANI (Lebanon, 2006)

  • SOUTH OF LITANI (Lebanon, 2006)

  • SOUTH OF LITANI (Lebanon, 2006)

  • SOUTH OF LITANI (Lebanon, 2006)

Nabil Boutros

Nabil Boutros

EGYPT IS A MODERN COUNTRY! (Egypt, 2006)

For some years now the face of Egyptian cities has been changing drastically. Under the influence of Egyptian and Arab investors, enclosed shopping malls and other places for spending leisure time have been rising, all referring to global, Western standards. These are regarded as symbols of modernity, while religious expressions and values are increasingly seen as representative of the Arab culture that resists Western cultural domination. In reality, Boutros argues, the lines dividing the modern and traditional are not so clearly drawn.

Nabil Boutros >>

  • EGYPT IS A MODERN COUNTRY! (Egypt, 2006)

    For some years now the face of Egyptian cities has been changing drastically. Under the influence of Egyptian and Arab investors, enclosed shopping malls and other places for spending leisure time have been rising, all referring to global, Western standards. These are regarded as symbols of modernity, while religious expressions and values are increasingly seen as representative of the Arab culture that resists Western cultural domination. In reality, Boutros argues, the lines dividing the modern and traditional are not so clearly drawn.

Thomas Brenner

Thomas Brenner

COUVENT (Belgium, 2006)

The visual artist Thomas Brenner makes surrealistic photo landscapes, often with a threatening undertone. He made Couvent in an old monastery, a hundred kilometers south of Brussels. The photographs portray the monks as anonymous protagonists in a fantastic visual story involving religion, faith, mysticism and anxiety.

Thomas Brenner >>

  • COUVENT (Belgium, 2006)

    The visual artist Thomas Brenner makes surrealistic photo landscapes, often with a threatening undertone. He made Couvent in an old monastery, a hundred kilometers south of Brussels. The photographs portray the monks as anonymous protagonists in a fantastic visual story involving religion, faith, mysticism and anxiety.

  • COUVENT (Belgium, 2006)

  • COUVENT (Belgium, 2006)

Patrick Brown

Patrick Brown

ANGELS SUICIDE (Thailand, 2000)

Every year the religious Vegetarian Festival is held in the south of Thailand. The participants honor the gods by defying fire, sticking needles through their body and undergoing other physical hardships. They believe that by doing this they can act as a medium for the gods, and after the rituals their wounds and scars are minimal. The festival derives its name from the vegetarian diet to which the participants temporarily subject themselves, to purify their bodies. The origin lies in the reputed healing of a Chinese opera company from malaria through prayer and a vegetarian diet.

Patrick Brown >>

  • ANGELS SUICIDE (Thailand, 2000)

    Every year the religious Vegetarian Festival is held in the south of Thailand. The participants honor the gods by defying fire, sticking needles through their body and undergoing other physical hardships. They believe that by doing this they can act as a medium for the gods, and after the rituals their wounds and scars are minimal. The festival derives its name from the vegetarian diet to which the participants temporarily subject themselves, to purify their bodies. The origin lies in the reputed healing of a Chinese opera company from malaria through prayer and a vegetarian diet.

  • ANGELS SUICIDE (Thailand, 2000)

  • ANGELS SUICIDE (Thailand, 2000)

Michael Buhler-Rose

Michael Buhler-Rose

HARE KRISHNA / CONSTRUCTING THE EXOTIC (United States, 2004-2006)

A year after his bar mitzvah Michael Bühler-Rose became a gaudiya vaishanava, or member of the Hare Krishna movement. He subsequently traveled all over the world, and stayed for some years in India. With Hare Krishna he offers a portrait of his co-religionists in the Indian state of West Bengal, where the roots and the headquarters of the movement are found. Constructing the Exotic uses the conventions of colonial photography and painting. Western women who grew up in an Indian context are placed in familiar Western landscapes, which raises the question of what we are to understand as 'exotic'. Both series are printed in large format, to invite the viewer to reflection on the mixing of cultural identities.

Michael Buhler-Rose >>

  • HARE KRISHNA / CONSTRUCTING THE EXOTIC (United States, 2004-2006)

    A year after his bar mitzvah Michael Bühler-Rose became a gaudiya vaishanava, or member of the Hare Krishna movement. He subsequently traveled all over the world, and stayed for some years in India. With Hare Krishna he offers a portrait of his co-religionists in the Indian state of West Bengal, where the roots and the headquarters of the movement are found.

    Constructing the Exotic uses the conventions of colonial photography and painting. Western women who grew up in an Indian context are placed in familiar Western landscapes, which raises the question of what we are to understand as 'exotic'.
    Both series are printed in large format, to invite the viewer to reflection on the mixing of cultural identities.

  • HARE KRISHNA / CONSTRUCTING THE EXOTIC (United States, 2004-2006)

  • HARE KRISHNA / CONSTRUCTING THE EXOTIC (United States, 2004-2006)

  • HARE KRISHNA / CONSTRUCTING THE EXOTIC (United States, 2004-2006)

Tiane Doan na Champassak

Tiane Doan na Champassak

CREDO (India, 2004-2007)

For three years the photographer Tiane Doan na Champassak researched Hinduism. He focused primarily on the importance that this religion attaches to the four elements, earth, air, water and fire. As the field for his work he chose Varanasi, the holiest city for the Hindus in India, and Allahabad, one of the four Indian cities to which Hindus undertake their obligatory quadrennial pilgrimages. The event, which prominently involves the four elements, is attended by millions of Hindus. That makes it the world's largest religious gathering.

Tiane Doan na Champassak >>

  • CREDO (India, 2004-2007)

    For three years the photographer Tiane Doan na Champassak researched Hinduism. He focused primarily on the importance that this religion attaches to the four elements, earth, air, water and fire. As the field for his work he chose Varanasi, the holiest city for the Hindus in India, and Allahabad, one of the four Indian cities to which Hindus undertake their obligatory quadrennial pilgrimages. The event, which prominently involves the four elements, is attended by millions of Hindus. That makes it the world's largest religious gathering.

  • CREDO (India, 2004-2007)

  • CREDO (India, 2004-2007)

  • CREDO (India, 2004-2007)

  • CREDO (India, 2004-2007)

Linda Connor

Linda Connor

UNTITLED (Ethiopia / India, 1998-2006)

Linda Connor is fascinated by the relation between the physical world and the sacred, and the manner in which this relation is manifested in old cultures. Her photographs of nature, people and holy places show a relationship with 19th century landscape photography, but are also a search for deeper wisdom. Connor prints her photographs in her garden, using sunlight. She then tones the prints with gold chloride.

Linda Connor >>

  • UNTITLED (Ethiopia / India, 1998-2006)

    Linda Connor is fascinated by the relation between the physical world and the sacred, and the manner in which this relation is manifested in old cultures. Her photographs of nature, people and holy places show a relationship with 19th century landscape photography, but are also a search for deeper wisdom. Connor prints her photographs in her garden, using sunlight. She then tones the prints with gold chloride.

  • UNTITLED (Ethiopia / India, 1998-2006)

  • UNTITLED (Ethiopia / India, 1998-2006)

Christian Cravo

Christian Cravo

IRREDENTOS (Brazil, 1998-2002)

Sertão is a tinder-dry, blisteringly hot region in the north-eastern hinterlands of Brazil. The inhabitants, the Sertanejos, regard the land as their church. Some even believe that Jesus is buried there. Originally the Sertanejos were religious dissidents who from the 17th to the early 20th century hid out in this remote corner of Brazil. Since that time they have undertaken pilgrimages through the inhospitable region to atone for their sins. Salvation is conceived primarily in the form of rain, which may not fall in the Sertão for three years on end. Thus religion and climate have become inseparably connected.

Christian Cravo >>

  • IRREDENTOS (Brazil, 1998-2002)

    Sertão is a tinder-dry, blisteringly hot region in the north-eastern hinterlands of Brazil. The inhabitants, the Sertanejos, regard the land as their church. Some even believe that Jesus is buried there. Originally the Sertanejos were religious dissidents who from the 17th to the early 20th century hid out in this remote corner of Brazil. Since that time they have undertaken pilgrimages through the inhospitable region to atone for their sins. Salvation is conceived primarily in the form of rain, which may not fall in the Sertão for three years on end. Thus religion and climate have become inseparably connected.

  • IRREDENTOS (Brazil, 1998-2002)

  • IRREDENTOS (Brazil, 1998-2002)

  • IRREDENTOS (Brazil, 1998-2002)

  • IRREDENTOS (Brazil, 1998-2002)

Enrico Dagnino

Enrico Dagnino

CHILD WITCH (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, young children are regularly accused of witchcraft. Parents and families blame quarrels and misfortunes primarily on young girls who may have a physical defect, or exhibit behavior they think is strange, although it may simply be behavior natural to young children. Many Congolese believe that these children travel at night to an invisible world, thus calling down catastrophe on the community. The rise of Pentecostal churches which will perform exorcisms for a fee only reinforces this belief. Those thought to be possessed are beaten, made to eat leaves and herbs, drink petrol, or undergo ritual exorcism. According to the UN, more children under the age of five die in the Congo than in China, where the population is 23 times as large.

Enrico Dagnino >>

  • CHILD WITCH (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

    In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, young children are regularly accused of witchcraft. Parents and families blame quarrels and misfortunes primarily on young girls who may have a physical defect, or exhibit behavior they think is strange, although it may simply be behavior natural to young children. Many Congolese believe that these children travel at night to an invisible world, thus calling down catastrophe on the community. The rise of Pentecostal churches which will perform exorcisms for a fee only reinforces this belief. Those thought to be possessed are beaten, made to eat leaves and herbs, drink petrol, or undergo ritual exorcism. According to the UN, more children under the age of five die in the Congo than in China, where the population is 23 times as large.

  • CHILD WITCH (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

  • CHILD WITCH (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

  • CHILD WITCH (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

Denis Dailleux

Denis Dailleux

THE COPTS OF EGYPT (Egypt, 2001-2002)

The Coptic Orthodox Church is the most important Christian church of Egypt. It came into existence in the fifth century as a schism from the orthodox church in Constantinople. The Coptic Church is particularly sensitive to tradition, ceremony, mysticism and nostalgia. The feast of a saint is invariably celebrated with a mass gathering at his grave. Dennis Dailleux photographed a number of these atmospheric processions during which Coptic pilgrims reach out to touch the tomb of the saint with their hand.

Denis Dailleux >>

  • THE COPTS OF EGYPT (Egypt, 2001-2002)

    The Coptic Orthodox Church is the most important Christian church of Egypt. It came into existence in the fifth century as a schism from the orthodox church in Constantinople. The Coptic Church is particularly sensitive to tradition, ceremony, mysticism and nostalgia. The feast of a saint is invariably celebrated with a mass gathering at his grave. Dennis Dailleux photographed a number of these atmospheric processions during which Coptic pilgrims reach out to touch the tomb of the saint with their hand.

  • THE COPTS OF EGYPT (Egypt, 2001-2002)

  • THE COPTS OF EGYPT (Egypt, 2001-2002)

James Whitlow Delano

James Whitlow Delano

FACES OF ISLAM (Yemen / Philippines / India, 1994-2006)

Delano observed that from the outside Islam sometimes appears dark and monolithic. But that is a view which, he says, is colored by physical distance and cultural differences between Islam and the Western world. In Faces of Islam Delano shows the enormous diversity among Islamic peoples across the world, from West Africa to East Asia and from South Asia to northern Europe. His conclusion: Muslims confess their faith with great differences and a remarkable flexibility. A billion people call themselves Muslims, but there is no single entity that can be called Islam.

James Whitlow Delano >>

  • FACES OF ISLAM (Yemen / Philippines / India, 1994-2006)

    Delano observed that from the outside Islam sometimes appears dark and monolithic. But that is a view which, he says, is colored by physical distance and cultural differences between Islam and the Western world. In Faces of Islam Delano shows the enormous diversity among Islamic peoples across the world, from West Africa to East Asia and from South Asia to northern Europe. His conclusion: Muslims confess their faith with great differences and a remarkable flexibility. A billion people call themselves Muslims, but there is no single entity that can be called Islam.

  • FACES OF ISLAM (Yemen / Philippines / India, 1994-2006)

  • FACES OF ISLAM (Yemen / Philippines / India, 1994-2006)

  • FACES OF ISLAM (Yemen / Philippines / India, 1994-2006)

  • FACES OF ISLAM (Yemen / Philippines / India, 1994-2006)

  • RELIGION IN CHINA (China, 1994-2006)

    Although the Communist Party has not succeeded in stamping out religion in China, it continues to suppress believers. Chinese Christianity receives the most attention in the West, but other religions have much deeper roots in the country. For instance, Islam arrived centuries ago, along the silk route. From time immemorial religion has been the cement holding together the various groups in China's population. But as a result of Communist suppression, the Buddhist, Taoist and Confucian temples - once symbols of national unity - are now little more than attractions for Western tourists.

  • RELIGION IN CHINA (China, 1994-2006)

  • RELIGION IN CHINA (China, 1994-2006)

  • RELIGION IN CHINA (China, 1994-2006)

  • RELIGION IN CHINA (China, 1994-2006)

Lisdebertus (Luis Delgado)

Lisdebertus (Luis Delgado)

UNFATHOMABLE HUMANITY (2006)

Unfathomable Humanity is comprised of collages of photographs from various sources. The images are a free mixture of iconic historical images and pictures from the mass media. Luis Delgado has collected them over the years, and under the pseudonym Lisdebertus composes a new, personal statement on religion, history and social systems from them. By making connections between ineffable acts of violence and those who commit them - the leaders, who go unpunished - he reminds us that all violence has a perpetrator.

Lisdebertus (Luis Delgado) >>

  • UNFATHOMABLE HUMANITY (2006)

    Unfathomable Humanity is comprised of collages of photographs from various sources. The images are a free mixture of iconic historical images and pictures from the mass media. Luis Delgado has collected them over the years, and under the pseudonym Lisdebertus composes a new, personal statement on religion, history and social systems from them. By making connections between ineffable acts of violence and those who commit them - the leaders, who go unpunished - he reminds us that all violence has a perpetrator.

Yuri Dojc

Yuri Dojc

PRAYER BOOKS (Slovakia, 2007)

While making a documentary on survivors of the Holocaust, Yuri Dojc accidentally stumbled across an abandoned Jewish school library in Slovakia. The library was full of old Jewish prayer books that had survived their former readers. They had though been ravaged by time. Many were falling apart and were ripe for the burial which, according to Jewish tradition, must be accorded to old prayer books, just as for people. Dojc decided to photograph the books where he found them, reverently lighted by the only lamp in the space.

Yuri Dojc >>

  • PRAYER BOOKS (Slovakia, 2007)

    While making a documentary on survivors of the Holocaust, Yuri Dojc accidentally stumbled across an abandoned Jewish school library in Slovakia. The library was full of old Jewish prayer books that had survived their former readers. They had though been ravaged by time. Many were falling apart and were ripe for the burial which, according to Jewish tradition, must be accorded to old prayer books, just as for people. Dojc decided to photograph the books where he found them, reverently lighted by the only lamp in the space.

Nicola Dove

Nicola Dove

OBSERVANCE (France / Great Britain / Iraq / New Zealand / Singapore, 2006)

Nicola Dove did portraits of believers of various religious traditions and nationalities. She asked them to recite a prayer or mantra which they could choose for themselves, while looking into the lens of her camera. Then she made a photograph in which she kept the shutter of the camera open for fifteen seconds. The result refers to the power of religious icons and affords a universal picture of devotion around the world. Observance is at the same time an homage to the early days of photography, when the exposure times were much longer than now, and when people still believed that a photograph could capture the soul, or was a means of communicating with the dead.

Nicola Dove >>

  • OBSERVANCE (France / Great Britain / Iraq / New Zealand / Singapore, 2006)

    Nicola Dove did portraits of believers of various religious traditions and nationalities. She asked them to recite a prayer or mantra which they could choose for themselves, while looking into the lens of her camera. Then she made a photograph in which she kept the shutter of the camera open for fifteen seconds. The result refers to the power of religious icons and affords a universal picture of devotion around the world. Observance is at the same time an homage to the early days of photography, when the exposure times were much longer than now, and when people still believed that a photograph could capture the soul, or was a means of communicating with the dead.

  • OBSERVANCE (France / Great Britain / Iraq / New Zealand / Singapore, 2006)

  • OBSERVANCE (France / Great Britain / Iraq / New Zealand / Singapore, 2006)

  • OBSERVANCE (France / Great Britain / Iraq / New Zealand / Singapore, 2006)

  • OBSERVANCE (France / Great Britain / Iraq / New Zealand / Singapore, 2006)

Alena Dvorakova & Viktor Fischer

Alena Dvorakova & Viktor Fischer

AN HOUR OF WAR (Greece, 2007)

As a playful counterpart to their series on real disasters and other humanitarian subjects, the Czech pair Alena Dvorakova and Viktor Fischer photographed 'acts of war' in developed countries of Europe. In the realization that progress is inseparably linked with conflict and revolution, with An Hour of War they give the suggestion of apocalyptic images. In reality, these are photographs of the Greek religious festival 'Clean Monday', where participants bombard each other with flour.

Alena Dvorakova & Viktor Fischer >>

  • AN HOUR OF WAR (Greece, 2007)

    As a playful counterpart to their series on real disasters and other humanitarian subjects, the Czech pair Alena Dvorakova and Viktor Fischer photographed 'acts of war' in developed countries of Europe. In the realization that progress is inseparably linked with conflict and revolution, with An Hour of War they give the suggestion of apocalyptic images. In reality, these are photographs of the Greek religious festival 'Clean Monday', where participants bombard each other with flour.

  • AN HOUR OF WAR (Greece, 2007)

  • MISSIONS (Worldwide, 1998-2004)

    For years the Czech pair Alena Dvorakova and Viktor Fischer have photographed the lives of ordinary people in different regions in Asia, Europe, Africa and South America. They focus chiefly on the humanitarian assistance from Catholic missions to the poor and ill. The source of inspiration for the project was the work of the nuns of the Czech Franciscan order. Over the past years they have been establishing new missions all around the world. With their photographs Dvorakova and Fischer hope to inspire average people to help their less fortunate fellows.

  • MISSIONS (Worldwide, 1998-2004)

  • MISSIONS (Worldwide, 1998-2004)

  • MISSIONS (Worldwide, 1998-2004)

  • MISSIONS (Worldwide, 1998-2004)

Philipp Ebeling & Olivia Arthur

Philipp Ebeling & Olivia Arthur

BEFORE THE KUMBH (India, 2007)

Once every twelve years, in the Indian city of Allahabad, the Kumbh Mela religious festival takes place. This festival lasts for a month and draws millions of pilgrims from all of India. By bathing at the confluence of the Yamuna and Ganges rivers, they hope to be cleansed of their sins. An immense tent camp is established on the banks to house the pilgrims. Philipp Ebeling and Olivia Arthur recorded this temporary city just before the beginning of the festival in photographs that radiate calm and expectation.

Philipp Ebeling & Olivia Arthur >>

  • BEFORE THE KUMBH (India, 2007)

    Once every twelve years, in the Indian city of Allahabad, the Kumbh Mela religious festival takes place. This festival lasts for a month and draws millions of pilgrims from all of India. By bathing at the confluence of the Yamuna and Ganges rivers, they hope to be cleansed of their sins. An immense tent camp is established on the banks to house the pilgrims. Philipp Ebeling and Olivia Arthur recorded this temporary city just before the beginning of the festival in photographs that radiate calm and expectation.

Marjolein Edwall

Marjolein Edwall

TORTURE IN CHINA (Netherlands, 2005)

Marjolein Edwall has done portraits of Chinese adherents to Falun Gong who have fled to The Netherlands. In their own country members of this religious sect are persecuted and tortured.

Marjolein Edwall >>

  • TORTURE IN CHINA (Netherlands, 2005)

    Marjolein Edwall has done portraits of Chinese adherents to Falun Gong who have fled to The Netherlands. In their own country members of this religious sect are persecuted and tortured.

  • TORTURE IN CHINA (Netherlands, 2005)

Andrew Esiebo

Andrew Esiebo

HOLY GHOST NIGHTS (Nigeria, 2006)

God is never far away in Nigeria. Religious buildings and symbols are found everywhere. Andrew Esiebo photographed the Redemption Christian Church of God. This movement is found chiefly along motorways, a new trend in Nigeria. The services run through the whole night, and are dominated by prayer, trance and calls for financial donations.

Andrew Esiebo >>

  • HOLY GHOST NIGHTS (Nigeria, 2006)

    God is never far away in Nigeria. Religious buildings and symbols are found everywhere. Andrew Esiebo photographed the Redemption Christian Church of God. This movement is found chiefly along motorways, a new trend in Nigeria. The services run through the whole night, and are dominated by prayer, trance and calls for financial donations.

  • HOLY GHOST NIGHTS (Nigeria, 2006)

  • HOLY GHOST NIGHTS (Nigeria, 2006)

Mariusz Forecki

Mariusz Forecki

RUSSIAN-CHECHEN WAR, 19-20 JANUARY, 1995 (Chechnya, 1995)

On 19 January, 1995, the Russian army reached the Presidential Palace in the Chechen capital city of Grozny, an important objective in the war between Russia and Chechnya. But what appeared to be a victory was the beginning of a long struggle. The Islamic rebels, led by Shamil Basajev, held out until March. When they withdrew from the city, the casualties figures were immense: the Russians had 1150 dead, 2000 wounded and 300 missing. On the Chechen side, about 700 fighters lost their lives. An estimated 25,000 civilians died, including 3700 children. They were primarily Russians, since the population of Grozny was predominately Russian.

Mariusz Forecki >>

  • RUSSIAN-CHECHEN WAR, 19-20 JANUARY, 1995 (Chechnya, 1995)

    On 19 January, 1995, the Russian army reached the Presidential Palace in the Chechen capital city of Grozny, an important objective in the war between Russia and Chechnya. But what appeared to be a victory was the beginning of a long struggle. The Islamic rebels, led by Shamil Basajev, held out until March. When they withdrew from the city, the casualties figures were immense: the Russians had 1150 dead, 2000 wounded and 300 missing. On the Chechen side, about 700 fighters lost their lives. An estimated 25,000 civilians died, including 3700 children. They were primarily Russians, since the population of Grozny was predominately Russian.

  • RUSSIAN-CHECHEN WAR, 19-20 JANUARY, 1995 (Chechnya, 1995)

  • RUSSIAN-CHECHEN WAR, 19-20 JANUARY, 1995 (Chechnya, 1995)

  • RUSSIAN-CHECHEN WAR, 19-20 JANUARY, 1995 (Chechnya, 1995)

Andrea Frazzetta

Andrea Frazzetta

GOD TOO WILL BE PRESENT. AND THERE WILL BE MIRACLES... (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

God is Black, and so is his Son. That is the belief of the Kimbanguists, followers of the evangelist Simon Kimbangu, who died in 1951 as a martyr, imprisoned for thirty years by the Belgian colonial authorities. With 1300 churches, 5000 clergy and its own television and radio stations, and thirty million followers, the Kimbanguist church is an important power broker in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. But the country, as large as Western Europe, also has thousands of other sects that are intertwined with tradition and social life. Their brochures call on the Congolese to visit their churches. 'God will be present too', they say, 'and there will be miracles to be seen!'

Andrea Frazzetta >>

  • GOD TOO WILL BE PRESENT. AND THERE WILL BE MIRACLES... (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

    God is Black, and so is his Son. That is the belief of the Kimbanguists, followers of the evangelist Simon Kimbangu, who died in 1951 as a martyr, imprisoned for thirty years by the Belgian colonial authorities. With 1300 churches, 5000 clergy and its own television and radio stations, and thirty million followers, the Kimbanguist church is an important power broker in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. But the country, as large as Western Europe, also has thousands of other sects that are intertwined with tradition and social life. Their brochures call on the Congolese to visit their churches. 'God will be present too', they say, 'and there will be miracles to be seen!'

  • GOD TOO WILL BE PRESENT. AND THERE WILL BE MIRACLES... (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

  • GOD TOO WILL BE PRESENT. AND THERE WILL BE MIRACLES... (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

  • GOD TOO WILL BE PRESENT. AND THERE WILL BE MIRACLES... (Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2006)

Ziyah Gafic

Ziyah Gafic

TROUBLED ISLAM - SHORT STORIES FROM TROUBLED SOCIETIES (Bosnia-Herzegovina / Iraq / Palestine, et al. 2000-2007)

Although he was too young to have taken an active part in the Balkan war, the Bosnian Ziyah Gafic personally experienced the impact of the conflict. His aunt died in her burning house, his grandfather committed suicide and a niece was a victim of rape. Out of frustration at his enforced passivity, Gafic determined to photograph the aftermath of the war in Bosnia. Very quickly he expanded his field to include countries that have been involved in similar sorts of conflicts, such as Palestine, Afghanistan and Chechnya. Here too Muslim communities are seeking restoration after the violence of war, and must continue to live in a divided society.

Ziyah Gafic >>

  • TROUBLED ISLAM - SHORT STORIES FROM TROUBLED SOCIETIES (Bosnia-Herzegovina / Iraq / Palestine, et al. 2000-2007)

    Although he was too young to have taken an active part in the Balkan war, the Bosnian Ziyah Gafic personally experienced the impact of the conflict. His aunt died in her burning house, his grandfather committed suicide and a niece was a victim of rape. Out of frustration at his enforced passivity, Gafic determined to photograph the aftermath of the war in Bosnia. Very quickly he expanded his field to include countries that have been involved in similar sorts of conflicts, such as Palestine, Afghanistan and Chechnya. Here too Muslim communities are seeking restoration after the violence of war, and must continue to live in a divided society.

  • TROUBLED ISLAM - SHORT STORIES FROM TROUBLED SOCIETIES (Bosnia-Herzegovina / Iraq / Palestine, et al. 2000-2007)

  • TROUBLED ISLAM - SHORT STORIES FROM TROUBLED SOCIETIES (Bosnia-Herzegovina / Iraq / Palestine, et al. 2000-2007)

  • TROUBLED ISLAM - SHORT STORIES FROM TROUBLED SOCIETIES (Bosnia-Herzegovina / Iraq / Palestine, et al. 2000-2007)

  • TROUBLED ISLAM - SHORT STORIES FROM TROUBLED SOCIETIES (Bosnia-Herzegovina / Iraq / Palestine, et al. 2000-2007)

Terri Garland

Terri Garland

THE GOOD BOOKS (United States, 2006-2007)

Terri Garland photographed Bibles that came from churches in the hurricane devastated city of New Orleans. The churches were flooded by hurricane Katrina, which raced over the state of Louisiana in 2005. The weather stained Bibles would seem to be a fitting symbol for the religious views of the American South, often permeated with racism, nationalism and xenophobia.

Terri Garland >>

  • THE GOOD BOOKS (United States, 2006-2007)

    Terri Garland photographed Bibles that came from churches in the hurricane devastated city of New Orleans. The churches were flooded by hurricane Katrina, which raced over the state of Louisiana in 2005. The weather stained Bibles would seem to be a fitting symbol for the religious views of the American South, often permeated with racism, nationalism and xenophobia.

Shadi Ghadirian

Shadi Ghadirian

LIKE EVERYDAY (Iran, 2001)

Since her student days Shadi Ghadirian has been confronted with the dual position of the Iranian woman. On the one hand, as a highly educated woman, she was a child of modernity; on the other hand, she lived in a country where it was customary for a woman, once married, to spend the rest of her life in the home. She depicts this identity in Like Everyday, in which the faces of women in Iranian clothing are replaced by domestic articles. She derived the title of this series from the routine nature of the work to which the woman is condemned. Although in Like Everyday she works with Iranian clothing, Ghadirian says that the position of women in many other countries is no different.

Shadi Ghadirian >>

  • LIKE EVERYDAY (Iran, 2001)

    Since her student days Shadi Ghadirian has been confronted with the dual position of the Iranian woman. On the one hand, as a highly educated woman, she was a child of modernity; on the other hand, she lived in a country where it was customary for a woman, once married, to spend the rest of her life in the home. She depicts this identity in Like Everyday, in which the faces of women in Iranian clothing are replaced by domestic articles. She derived the title of this series from the routine nature of the work to which the woman is condemned. Although in Like Everyday she works with Iranian clothing, Ghadirian says that the position of women in many other countries is no different.

  • LIKE EVERYDAY (Iran, 2001)

  • LIKE EVERYDAY (Iran, 2001)

Paul Gofferjé

Paul Gofferjé

I BELIEVE IN THE BIJLMER (Netherlands, 2006)

The Bijlmer, a multi-cultural neighborhood in Amsterdam South East, has many religious communities. Religion plays a large role in the social and cultural life there, and is an important anchor for immigrants.

Paul Gofferjé >>

  • I BELIEVE IN THE BIJLMER (Netherlands, 2006)

    The Bijlmer, a multi-cultural neighborhood in Amsterdam South East, has many religious communities. Religion plays a large role in the social and cultural life there, and is an important anchor for immigrants.

  • I BELIEVE IN THE BIJLMER (Netherlands, 2006)

  • I BELIEVE IN THE BIJLMER (Netherlands, 2006)

Arlene Gottfried

Arlene Gottfried

THE ETERNAL LIGHT (United States, 1999)

Arlene Gottfried saw Selwyn Rawls and The Eternal Light Community Singers for the first time in 1990, during a gospel festival in the Lower East Side of Manhattan. She was so impressed that she decided to follow the gospel choir with her camera. Her reportage ultimately took up more than five years. In that time she began to be part of the choir, the black church with which it was connected, and the spiritual journey it was engaged in. 'The magic of this group and the love that I felt was so strong,' says Gottfried, 'that I had no choice except to raise my voice to praise God in song.'

Arlene Gottfried >>

  • THE ETERNAL LIGHT (United States, 1999)

    Arlene Gottfried saw Selwyn Rawls and The Eternal Light Community Singers for the first time in 1990, during a gospel festival in the Lower East Side of Manhattan. She was so impressed that she decided to follow the gospel choir with her camera. Her reportage ultimately took up more than five years. In that time she began to be part of the choir, the black church with which it was connected, and the spiritual journey it was engaged in. 'The magic of this group and the love that I felt was so strong,' says Gottfried, 'that I had no choice except to raise my voice to praise God in song.'

  • THE ETERNAL LIGHT (United States, 1999)

  • THE ETERNAL LIGHT (United States, 1999)

  • THE ETERNAL LIGHT (United States, 1999)

  • THE ETERNAL LIGHT (United States, 1999)

Elijah Gowin

Elijah Gowin

WATERING (United States, 2005)

Elijah Gowin takes photos from the internet and manipulates them using Photoshop. He prints the result as a negative with an inkjet printer, and then scans in the paper negative again. The combination of digital techniques and hand work makes every image unique. Watering shows Christian baptism as it is presently often carried out. For Gowin the images symbolize the transition to a new life and the need for spiritual cleansing in a time full of technological changes. Although the digital revolution has made communication simpler, we experience increasing anonymity and uncertainty about the future as a burden, according to this artist.

Elijah Gowin >>

  • WATERING (United States, 2005)

    Elijah Gowin takes photos from the internet and manipulates them using Photoshop. He prints the result as a negative with an inkjet printer, and then scans in the paper negative again. The combination of digital techniques and hand work makes every image unique. Watering shows Christian baptism as it is presently often carried out. For Gowin the images symbolize the transition to a new life and the need for spiritual cleansing in a time full of technological changes. Although the digital revolution has made communication simpler, we experience increasing anonymity and uncertainty about the future as a burden, according to this artist.

  • WATERING (United States, 2005)

  • WATERING (United States, 2005)

  • WATERING (United States, 2005)

Edward Grazda

Edward Grazda

NY MASJID: THE MOSQUES OF NEW YORK CITY (United States, 1995-1996)

On February 26, 1993, an attack took place in New York that seems to anticipate September 11, 2001. An auto bomb exploded under the World Trade Center, leaving six dead, a thousand wounded, and causing massive damage. In the media the attack was invariably coupled with the phrase 'Islamic terrorism'. In this way the event became inseparably linked with Islam, according to photographer Edward Grazda and architecture professor Jerrilynn Dods. As a response, they decided to document the Islamic community in New York in words and pictures, a project in which mosques were central. They encountered a vital community that contrasted sharply with the destruction in the images of the World Trade Center.

Edward Grazda >>

  • NY MASJID: THE MOSQUES OF NEW YORK CITY (United States, 1995-1996)

    On February 26, 1993, an attack took place in New York that seems to anticipate September 11, 2001. An auto bomb exploded under the World Trade Center, leaving six dead, a thousand wounded, and causing massive damage. In the media the attack was invariably coupled with the phrase 'Islamic terrorism'. In this way the event became inseparably linked with Islam, according to photographer Edward Grazda and architecture professor Jerrilynn Dods. As a response, they decided to document the Islamic community in New York in words and pictures, a project in which mosques were central. They encountered a vital community that contrasted sharply with the destruction in the images of the World Trade Center.

  • NY MASJID: THE MOSQUES OF NEW YORK CITY (United States, 1995-1996)

  • NY MASJID: THE MOSQUES OF NEW YORK CITY (United States, 1995-1996)

  • NY MASJID: THE MOSQUES OF NEW YORK CITY (United States, 1995-1996)

Prabuddha Dasgupta

Prabuddha Dasgupta

MYTH AND MEMORY - A PORTRAIT OF CATHOLIC GOA (India, 2005-2007)

After 500 years as a Portuguese colony, in 1961 Goa became a part of India. Many of the Catholic residents fled to Lisbon. Some have returned, while others have remained in Portugal. The consequence was a flood of intercultural, nostalgic stories, in which myths slowly grew into accounts of things which really happened. A quarter of the residents of Goa are still Catholic. With the departure of the colonial power, this group remained behind with a culture and religion that is alien to their region. Time seems to stand still in their homes; the Catholic residents of Goa try to familiarize themselves with an uncertain future and a new identity.

Prabuddha Dasgupta >>

  • MYTH AND MEMORY - A PORTRAIT OF CATHOLIC GOA (India, 2005-2007)

    After 500 years as a Portuguese colony, in 1961 Goa became a part of India. Many of the Catholic residents fled to Lisbon. Some have returned, while others have remained in Portugal. The consequence was a flood of intercultural, nostalgic stories, in which myths slowly grew into accounts of things which really happened. A quarter of the residents of Goa are still Catholic. With the departure of the colonial power, this group remained behind with a culture and religion that is alien to their region. Time seems to stand still in their homes; the Catholic residents of Goa try to familiarize themselves with an uncertain future and a new identity.

  • MYTH AND MEMORY - A PORTRAIT OF CATHOLIC GOA (India, 2005-2007)

  • MYTH AND MEMORY - A PORTRAIT OF CATHOLIC GOA (India, 2005-2007)

Nermine Hammam

Nermine Hammam

ASHURA (Egypt, 2006-2007)

On Ashura, the tenth day of the Islamic month of Muharram, in the year 61 AH [680 CE], in a struggle for the leadership of Islam, Hussayn, the grandson of the prophet Mohammed challenged Calif Yazid in combat. Husasyn lost the battle. On Ashura Shiites in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain and Lebanon still commemorate his violent death. To express their grief they beat themselves with chains and swords. Hammam's images of the Ashura observances call up associations with Shiite iconography and current political events. This enables her to offer a commentary on the obsessive picture of Islam as a bloodthirsty religion.

Nermine Hammam >>

  • ASHURA (Egypt, 2006-2007)

    On Ashura, the tenth day of the Islamic month of Muharram, in the year 61 AH [680 CE], in a struggle for the leadership of Islam, Hussayn, the grandson of the prophet Mohammed challenged Calif Yazid in combat. Husasyn lost the battle. On Ashura Shiites in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain and Lebanon still commemorate his violent death. To express their grief they beat themselves with chains and swords. Hammam's images of the Ashura observances call up associations with Shiite iconography and current political events. This enables her to offer a commentary on the obsessive picture of Islam as a bloodthirsty religion.

  • ASHURA (Egypt, 2006-2007)

  • ASHURA (Egypt, 2006-2007)

  • ASHURA (Egypt, 2006-2007)

  • PALIMPSEST (2006-2007)

    In Egypt both Muslims and Christians believe in supernatural powers. For instance, the Koran speaks of invisible djins, disembodied beings from another world that seek to communicate with men. A djin can take possession of someone, resulting in a physical and mental crisis. The expulsion of devils and djins is a practice shared by Egyptian Christians and Muslims alike. Nermine Hammam photographed a Christian exorcism which was attended by believers of both faiths. It is, she says, not only a spiritual ritual, but also a dialog between the two religions.

  • PALIMPSEST (2006-2007)

  • PALIMPSEST (2006-2007)

  • PALIMPSEST (2006-2007)

Ron Haviv

Ron Haviv

BLOOD AND HONEY: A BALKAN WAR JOURNAL (Former Yugoslavia, 1991-2001)

Ron Haviv photographed the civil war in what was formerly Yugoslavia for a protracted period, from its beginning in 1991 until the arrest of the former Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic in 2001. Haviv recorded the whole spectrum of the war, from the trenches on the front line to the refugees trying to find a safe haven far behind the lines. His work is not only an indictment of the nationalistic and religious motives that lie at the root of war, but also of the refusal of the West to really intervene in the conflict in the Balkans.

Ron Haviv >>

  • BLOOD AND HONEY: A BALKAN WAR JOURNAL (Former Yugoslavia, 1991-2001)

    Ron Haviv photographed the civil war in what was formerly Yugoslavia for a protracted period, from its beginning in 1991 until the arrest of the former Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic in 2001. Haviv recorded the whole spectrum of the war, from the trenches on the front line to the refugees trying to find a safe haven far behind the lines. His work is not only an indictment of the nationalistic and religious motives that lie at the root of war, but also of the refusal of the West to really intervene in the conflict in the Balkans.

  • BLOOD AND HONEY: A BALKAN WAR JOURNAL (Former Yugoslavia, 1991-2001)

  • BLOOD AND HONEY: A BALKAN WAR JOURNAL (Former Yugoslavia, 1991-2001)

  • BLOOD AND HONEY: A BALKAN WAR JOURNAL (Former Yugoslavia, 1991-2001)

  • BLOOD AND HONEY: A BALKAN WAR JOURNAL (Former Yugoslavia, 1991-2001)

Martijn Heil

Martijn Heil

DIASPORA BEHIND THE DIKES (Netherlands, 2003-2007)

The Netherlands has a complex Jewish community that, while retaining its own identity and rituals, forms an integral part of society. Within the community being Jewish is experienced in many ways: religious, secular, orthodox or liberal. At the same time, as fundamental elements in Jewish existence, the rituals, holy days and traditions bind the community together. Martijn Heil investigated how the partially closed Jewish community relates to the open Dutch society. He combines images of a traditional celebration like a Jewish wedding with images of political activities that demonstrate solidarity with Israel.

Martijn Heil >>

  • DIASPORA BEHIND THE DIKES (Netherlands, 2003-2007)

    The Netherlands has a complex Jewish community that, while retaining its own identity and rituals, forms an integral part of society. Within the community being Jewish is experienced in many ways: religious, secular, orthodox or liberal. At the same time, as fundamental elements in Jewish existence, the rituals, holy days and traditions bind the community together. Martijn Heil investigated how the partially closed Jewish community relates to the open Dutch society. He combines images of a traditional celebration like a Jewish wedding with images of political activities that demonstrate solidarity with Israel.

  • DIASPORA BEHIND THE DIKES (Netherlands, 2003-2007)

  • DIASPORA BEHIND THE DIKES (Netherlands, 2003-2007)

  • DIASPORA BEHIND THE DIKES (Netherlands, 2003-2007)

Johannes Hepp

Johannes Hepp

THE DAYS AFTER (Great Britain, 2001-2005)

Johannes Hepp makes a systematic study of places where terrorists have been active. Sometimes days, sometimes years afterwards he visits cities where there have been bombings, gas attacks or suicide actions. His panoramic collages search for changes in the urban landscape. At the same time they show how life has once again returned to normal, despite the tragic events that took place there. In London Hepp photographed the four places where a day before a bomb had exploded in the public transit.

Johannes Hepp >>

  • THE DAYS AFTER (Great Britain, 2001-2005)

    Johannes Hepp makes a systematic study of places where terrorists have been active. Sometimes days, sometimes years afterwards he visits cities where there have been bombings, gas attacks or suicide actions. His panoramic collages search for changes in the urban landscape. At the same time they show how life has once again returned to normal, despite the tragic events that took place there. In London Hepp photographed the four places where a day before a bomb had exploded in the public transit.

Andreas Herzau

Andreas Herzau

IF GOD IS A DJ (Germany, 2005)

In 2005 Pope Benedict XVI called on youth to come to Cologne. There, in August, Catholic World Youth Day was being organized, and the Pope himself would be present. Young people complied in large numbers: thousands of young people visited the Youth Day, which thereby became a successful marketing instrument for the Catholic Church. As a popular event with prayer services and music, it had the extent and allure of well-known music festivals and dance parties all over the world. With World Youth Day, says Andreas Herzau, the Catholic Church created its own Woodstock.

Andreas Herzau >>

  • IF GOD IS A DJ (Germany, 2005)

    In 2005 Pope Benedict XVI called on youth to come to Cologne. There, in August, Catholic World Youth Day was being organized, and the Pope himself would be present. Young people complied in large numbers: thousands of young people visited the Youth Day, which thereby became a successful marketing instrument for the Catholic Church. As a popular event with prayer services and music, it had the extent and allure of well-known music festivals and dance parties all over the world. With World Youth Day, says Andreas Herzau, the Catholic Church created its own Woodstock.

  • IF GOD IS A DJ (Germany, 2005)

  • IF GOD IS A DJ (Germany, 2005)

  • IF GOD IS A DJ (Germany, 2005)

  • IF GOD IS A DJ (Germany, 2005)

Claudio Hils

Claudio Hils

ARCHIVE_BELFAST (Northern Ireland, 2004)

The peace accord in 1998 laid the foundations for the political future of Northern Ireland. But traces of the troubled past are to be found everywhere in that land. For instance, Belfast has literally been shaped by the decades of conflict between Catholics and Protestants. The infrastructure of the city has been constructed in response to the struggle, with clearly separated neighborhoods. Claudio Hils carried out 'archaeological' research in the Belfast archives, where the stories of the past have been laid to rest. This has enabled him to expose the structures that form the basis for contemporary Northern Ireland, for which these often hidden archives are the key.

Claudio Hils >>

  • ARCHIVE_BELFAST (Northern Ireland, 2004)

    The peace accord in 1998 laid the foundations for the political future of Northern Ireland. But traces of the troubled past are to be found everywhere in that land. For instance, Belfast has literally been shaped by the decades of conflict between Catholics and Protestants. The infrastructure of the city has been constructed in response to the struggle, with clearly separated neighborhoods. Claudio Hils carried out 'archaeological' research in the Belfast archives, where the stories of the past have been laid to rest. This has enabled him to expose the structures that form the basis for contemporary Northern Ireland, for which these often hidden archives are the key.

  • ARCHIVE_BELFAST (Northern Ireland, 2004)

  • ARCHIVE_BELFAST (Northern Ireland, 2004)

  • ARCHIVE_BELFAST (Northern Ireland, 2004)

Robert Hirsch

Robert Hirsch

WAR IN A JAR: WAR AND TRAUMA (Worldwide, 2004-2007)

World in a Jar brings together important historical and contemporary images from the collective memory of mankind. The images span four centuries and show particularly the consequences of war, ethnic violence, genocide and religious intolerance. Robert Hirsch places the photos in transparent jars, and stacks these up to create a wall that winds through the exhibition space. The jars are in no particular order, so that the pictures enter into different dialogs with one another each time the installation is constructed. At the same time, this symbolizes the open-endedness of the historic lines presented, and the tangle of social forces that influenced each event depicted.

Robert Hirsch >>

  • WAR IN A JAR: WAR AND TRAUMA (Worldwide, 2004-2007)

    World in a Jar brings together important historical and contemporary images from the collective memory of mankind. The images span four centuries and show particularly the consequences of war, ethnic violence, genocide and religious intolerance. Robert Hirsch places the photos in transparent jars, and stacks these up to create a wall that winds through the exhibition space. The jars are in no particular order, so that the pictures enter into different dialogs with one another each time the installation is constructed. At the same time, this symbolizes the open-endedness of the historic lines presented, and the tangle of social forces that influenced each event depicted.

  • WAR IN A JAR: WAR AND TRAUMA (Worldwide, 2004-2007)

  • WAR IN A JAR: WAR AND TRAUMA (Worldwide, 2004-2007)

  • WAR IN A JAR: WAR AND TRAUMA (Worldwide, 2004-2007)

  • WAR IN A JAR: WAR AND TRAUMA (Worldwide, 2004-2007)

Robert Huber

Robert Huber

AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY (United States, 2003)

The rise of the conservative Christian right over the past decade has left a deep impression on the internal and foreign policies of the United States. Robert Huber has recorded how strongly Christianity is intertwined with the American society. For instance, he visited a Christian hard rock festival and a Mormon training center for missionaries. Particularly the latter reveals how frighteningly Christianity coincides with the values of American capitalism. In Texas even the lines between church and state are blurred. Convicts who pray every hour receive preferential handling in the prison system.

Robert Huber >>

  • AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY (United States, 2003)

    The rise of the conservative Christian right over the past decade has left a deep impression on the internal and foreign policies of the United States. Robert Huber has recorded how strongly Christianity is intertwined with the American society. For instance, he visited a Christian hard rock festival and a Mormon training center for missionaries. Particularly the latter reveals how frighteningly Christianity coincides with the values of American capitalism. In Texas even the lines between church and state are blurred. Convicts who pray every hour receive preferential handling in the prison system.

  • AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY (United States, 2003)

  • AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY (United States, 2003)

  • AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY (United States, 2003)

  • AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY (United States, 2003)

Malcolm Hutcheson

Malcolm Hutcheson

CHILDREN OF FAITH (Pakistan, 2006-2007)

What effect do religious rituals have on children? At religious festivals in Pakistan Malcolm Hutcheson recorded how children very early come in contact with rituals such as self-chastisement.

Malcolm Hutcheson >>

  • CHILDREN OF FAITH (Pakistan, 2006-2007)

    What effect do religious rituals have on children? At religious festivals in Pakistan Malcolm Hutcheson recorded how children very early come in contact with rituals such as self-chastisement.

  • CHILDREN OF FAITH (Pakistan, 2006-2007)

  • CHILDREN OF FAITH (Pakistan, 2006-2007)

Jan van IJken

Jan van IJken

SEMANA SANTA IN SEVILLA (Spain, 1995)

For centuries the Spanish city of Seville has held processions in Holy Week, preceding Easter. To the sound of trumpets and heavy drums thousands of people shuffle past, their faces and bodies shrouded in outfits with tall, pointed hoods. They bear heavy statues of saints and crosses, which are touched by people along the route. The processions can last for twelve hours, and generally take place in the burning sun.

Jan van IJken >>

  • SEMANA SANTA IN SEVILLA (Spain, 1995)

    For centuries the Spanish city of Seville has held processions in Holy Week, preceding Easter. To the sound of trumpets and heavy drums thousands of people shuffle past, their faces and bodies shrouded in outfits with tall, pointed hoods. They bear heavy statues of saints and crosses, which are touched by people along the route. The processions can last for twelve hours, and generally take place in the burning sun.

  • SEMANA SANTA IN SEVILLA (Spain, 1995)

  • SEMANA SANTA IN SEVILLA (Spain, 1995)

Gert Jochems

Gert Jochems

HEBRON, FOR THE SAKE OF HEAVEN (Israel / Palestine, 2006)

'Gas the Arabs' is graffitied on the wall in the only Jewish street in Hebron. In 1929 the five-thousand year old city, lying on the West Bank of the Jordan, came under British administration. That meant the end of Jewish Hebron, until Israel recovered the city from the Arabs in 1967. Today about 400 Jews live in the midst of 150,000 Palestinians. In this city, holy to both Jews and Arabs, the two parties are kept apart by cordons and 2000 Israeli soldiers. Even the grave of Abraham, the patriarch honored by both Jews and Muslims, is divided in two.

Gert Jochems >>

  • HEBRON, FOR THE SAKE OF HEAVEN (Israel / Palestine, 2006)

    'Gas the Arabs' is graffitied on the wall in the only Jewish street in Hebron. In 1929 the five-thousand year old city, lying on the West Bank of the Jordan, came under British administration. That meant the end of Jewish Hebron, until Israel recovered the city from the Arabs in 1967. Today about 400 Jews live in the midst of 150,000 Palestinians. In this city, holy to both Jews and Arabs, the two parties are kept apart by cordons and 2000 Israeli soldiers. Even the grave of Abraham, the patriarch honored by both Jews and Muslims, is divided in two.

Anthony Karen

Anthony Karen

KU KLUX KLAN, THE INVISIBLE EMPIRE (United States, 2004-2007)

A former soldier, for years Anthony Karen was involved with the most impenetrable white supremacist organizations in the United States. For example, for two years he maintained intensive contact with the leader, or Imperial Wizard, of the Ku Klux Klan in Tennessee. The KKK, established after the American Civil War, aims for the supremacy of white Protestantism, argues for traditional relations between men and women, and regards blacks, Catholics and Jews as sinners. The KKK also advocates the death penalty for homosexuals.

Anthony Karen >>

  • KU KLUX KLAN, THE INVISIBLE EMPIRE (United States, 2004-2007)

    A former soldier, for years Anthony Karen was involved with the most impenetrable white supremacist organizations in the United States. For example, for two years he maintained intensive contact with the leader, or Imperial Wizard, of the Ku Klux Klan in Tennessee. The KKK, established after the American Civil War, aims for the supremacy of white Protestantism, argues for traditional relations between men and women, and regards blacks, Catholics and Jews as sinners. The KKK also advocates the death penalty for homosexuals.

  • KU KLUX KLAN, THE INVISIBLE EMPIRE (United States, 2004-2007)

  • KU KLUX KLAN, THE INVISIBLE EMPIRE (United States, 2004-2007)

  • KU KLUX KLAN, THE INVISIBLE EMPIRE (United States, 2004-2007)

  • KU KLUX KLAN, THE INVISIBLE EMPIRE (United States, 2004-2007)

Anna Kari

Anna Kari

A MUSLIM VILLAGE IN EUROPE (Bulgaria, 2006)

When Europeans talk about Muslims, they always think of immigrants. But Eastern Europe, from Poland to Bosnia, has for centuries had Muslim communities. Anna Kari portrays an Islamic village in Bulgaria's Rhodope Mountains. The residents, who became Muslim under the Turks, were forcibly converted to Christianity in 1922. In the 1980s the Communist regime banned all religious activities. Now that all restrictions have been lifted, the village once again observes its Islamic faith as it once did.

Anna Kari >>

  • A MUSLIM VILLAGE IN EUROPE (Bulgaria, 2006)

    When Europeans talk about Muslims, they always think of immigrants. But Eastern Europe, from Poland to Bosnia, has for centuries had Muslim communities. Anna Kari portrays an Islamic village in Bulgaria's Rhodope Mountains. The residents, who became Muslim under the Turks, were forcibly converted to Christianity in 1922. In the 1980s the Communist regime banned all religious activities. Now that all restrictions have been lifted, the village once again observes its Islamic faith as it once did.

  • A MUSLIM VILLAGE IN EUROPE (Bulgaria, 2006)

Ed Kashi

Ed Kashi

US AGAINST THEM: THREE POINTS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICT (Northern Ireland / Iraq / Israel, 1989-2003)

In his quarter century as a freelance photographer, Ed Kashi has had just about every religion in front of his lens. It always struck him how faith was used to reinforce the believers' own identity. Us Against Them shows three examples. Jewish colonists hold fast to their Biblical claim to the West Bank irrespective of the many rational arguments against it. Protestants in Northern Ireland nourish their hatred of Catholicism, which has existed since the days of William of Orange. And the Shiites and Sunnis in Iraq are once again in conflict about issues that are rooted in centuries-old religious arguments. In the lust for power and one's own identity religion more often than not is used to divide people, Ed Kashi concludes.

Ed Kashi >>

  • US AGAINST THEM: THREE POINTS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICT (Northern Ireland / Iraq / Israel, 1989-2003)

    In his quarter century as a freelance photographer, Ed Kashi has had just about every religion in front of his lens. It always struck him how faith was used to reinforce the believers' own identity. Us Against Them shows three examples. Jewish colonists hold fast to their Biblical claim to the West Bank irrespective of the many rational arguments against it. Protestants in Northern Ireland nourish their hatred of Catholicism, which has existed since the days of William of Orange. And the Shiites and Sunnis in Iraq are once again in conflict about issues that are rooted in centuries-old religious arguments. In the lust for power and one's own identity religion more often than not is used to divide people, Ed Kashi concludes.

  • US AGAINST THEM: THREE POINTS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICT (Northern Ireland / Iraq / Israel, 1989-2003)

  • US AGAINST THEM: THREE POINTS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICT (Northern Ireland / Iraq / Israel, 1989-2003)

  • US AGAINST THEM: THREE POINTS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICT (Northern Ireland / Iraq / Israel, 1989-2003)

  • US AGAINST THEM: THREE POINTS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICT (Northern Ireland / Iraq / Israel, 1989-2003)

Chris Keulen

Chris Keulen

SECOND LIFE (Netherlands, 2004-2007)

The churches are emptying, but in other realms belief is experiencing a revival. For instance, the pilgrimage to the saint's relics in Maastricht draws tens of thousands a year, and the blessing of motorcycles in the Flower Market in Geleen is packed with visitors. At the same time, many church buildings are being given a new purpose, in which their religious decor is left intact. Catholicism is working on a second life, Chris Keulen observes. He photographed the symbiosis between traditional Catholicism and the modern zeitgeist, and asked himself, is the church really on the way back, or is it only its folklore that is still appealing?

Chris Keulen >>

  • SECOND LIFE (Netherlands, 2004-2007)

    The churches are emptying, but in other realms belief is experiencing a revival. For instance, the pilgrimage to the saint's relics in Maastricht draws tens of thousands a year, and the blessing of motorcycles in the Flower Market in Geleen is packed with visitors. At the same time, many church buildings are being given a new purpose, in which their religious decor is left intact. Catholicism is working on a second life, Chris Keulen observes. He photographed the symbiosis between traditional Catholicism and the modern zeitgeist, and asked himself, is the church really on the way back, or is it only its folklore that is still appealing?

  • SECOND LIFE (Netherlands, 2004-2007)

  • SECOND LIFE (Netherlands, 2004-2007)

  • SECOND LIFE (Netherlands, 2004-2007)

  • SECOND LIFE (Netherlands, 2004-2007)

Carey Kirkella

Carey Kirkella

BEYOND THE SONG (United States, 2005)

Beyond the Song is a three-day American Christian music festival in Cherry Valley. Carey Kirkella sees the event as a typical representative of Christianity in the United States. Because of Christianity's dominance in the country, it is one of the most powerful and most organized religions in the world. But, according to Kirkella, most Americans confuse religion and spirituality. Problems such as violence, hunger, poverty and corruption can really be dealt with by the latter, while in practice religion loses itself in exclusivity, intolerance and separatism. Most of the young people who Kirkella met at the festival also appear to be fundamentalists, and interpret the Bible strictly, as they were taught to do.

Carey Kirkella >>

  • BEYOND THE SONG (United States, 2005)

    Beyond the Song is a three-day American Christian music festival in Cherry Valley. Carey Kirkella sees the event as a typical representative of Christianity in the United States. Because of Christianity's dominance in the country, it is one of the most powerful and most organized religions in the world. But, according to Kirkella, most Americans confuse religion and spirituality. Problems such as violence, hunger, poverty and corruption can really be dealt with by the latter, while in practice religion loses itself in exclusivity, intolerance and separatism. Most of the young people who Kirkella met at the festival also appear to be fundamentalists, and interpret the Bible strictly, as they were taught to do.

  • BEYOND THE SONG (United States, 2005)

  • BEYOND THE SONG (United States, 2005)

  • BEYOND THE SONG (United States, 2005)

Hilary Knox

Hilary Knox

THE WORLD'S LARGEST MACHINE GUN SHOOT (2002)

Twice every year about thirty thousand men, women and children assemble at the Knob Creek Gun Range in the American state of Kentucky. They come to look at the most extensive collection of weapons that can be found outside a war zone. Among the visitors are many war veterans, militia members and adherents of Nazi ideology. Certainly the year after September 11, 2001, emotions were running high at the Knob Creek Gun Range. There were loads of targets with the head of Osama Bin Laden and T-shirts with nationalistic slogans and American flags.

Hilary Knox >>

  • THE WORLD'S LARGEST MACHINE GUN SHOOT (2002)

    Twice every year about thirty thousand men, women and children assemble at the Knob Creek Gun Range in the American state of Kentucky. They come to look at the most extensive collection of weapons that can be found outside a war zone. Among the visitors are many war veterans, militia members and adherents of Nazi ideology. Certainly the year after September 11, 2001, emotions were running high at the Knob Creek Gun Range. There were loads of targets with the head of Osama Bin Laden and T-shirts with nationalistic slogans and American flags.

Jeroen Kramer

Jeroen Kramer

ABU SAYYAF (Philippines, 2007)

The three thousand inhabitants of Jolo, a volcanic island in the south-west of The Philippines, are primarily Muslims who live from farming and fishing. Ninety percent of Filipinos are Christian. Various Muslim groups are carrying on a struggle for independence on Jolo, some of which are alleged to have ties with Al Qaida. The Abu Sayyaf resistance movement has been responsible for a number of abductions and beheadings. Three hundred American commandos are stationed on the island, officially to train the Filipino army. The United States also pumps money into establishing non-Muslim schools.

Jeroen Kramer >>

  • ABU SAYYAF (Philippines, 2007)

    The three thousand inhabitants of Jolo, a volcanic island in the south-west of The Philippines, are primarily Muslims who live from farming and fishing. Ninety percent of Filipinos are Christian. Various Muslim groups are carrying on a struggle for independence on Jolo, some of which are alleged to have ties with Al Qaida. The Abu Sayyaf resistance movement has been responsible for a number of abductions and beheadings. Three hundred American commandos are stationed on the island, officially to train the Filipino army. The United States also pumps money into establishing non-Muslim schools.

  • ABU SAYYAF (Philippines, 2007)

  • ABU SAYYAF (Philippines, 2007)

  • ABU SAYYAF (Philippines, 2007)

  • ABU SAYYAF (Philippines, 2007)

Antonin Kratochvil

Antonin Kratochvil

HOMAGE TO ABU GHRAIB (Iraq, 2006)

Just as the great Columbian painter Fernando Botero previously did, Antonin Kratochvil reconstructs the torture of Iraqi prisoners in Abu Ghraib. At the time the images of ill-treatment caused a wave of indignation around the world, and stained the reputation of the United States. They called up memories for Antonin Kratochvil, a Czech refugee, whose father was tortured in Stalinist camps.

Antonin Kratochvil >>

  • HOMAGE TO ABU GHRAIB (Iraq, 2006)

    Just as the great Columbian painter Fernando Botero previously did, Antonin Kratochvil reconstructs the torture of Iraqi prisoners in Abu Ghraib. At the time the images of ill-treatment caused a wave of indignation around the world, and stained the reputation of the United States. They called up memories for Antonin Kratochvil, a Czech refugee, whose father was tortured in Stalinist camps.

  • HOMAGE TO ABU GHRAIB (Iraq, 2006)

Ingar Krauss

Ingar Krauss

ARKHANGELSK (Russia, 2004)

Archangel was once founded by monks, and is the only place in Russia that retained its original religious name under the Communists. Now that Communism has disappeared and capitalism has still not reached this impoverished Russian city, the Russian Orthodox church once again plays a major role. All the churches and monasteries have been returned to the church, which also has many schools and orphanages under its care.

Ingar Krauss >>

  • ARKHANGELSK (Russia, 2004)

    Archangel was once founded by monks, and is the only place in Russia that retained its original religious name under the Communists. Now that Communism has disappeared and capitalism has still not reached this impoverished Russian city, the Russian Orthodox church once again plays a major role. All the churches and monasteries have been returned to the church, which also has many schools and orphanages under its care.

  • ARKHANGELSK (Russia, 2004)

Georg Kürzinger

Georg Kürzinger

PARADE OF SAINTS (Germany, 2004-2007)

Some religious rituals manage to survive in a secularized Europe - for instance, in Germany, where centuries-old processions are still held annually in many places. In these plays lay people usually act the roles of the Christian saints, depicting them in a manner as amateurish as it is theatrical. Georg Kürzinger photographed a number of these processions in Bavaria. He selected this state especially because by his own admission the present Pope, Benedict XVI, has the roots of his faith there.

Georg Kürzinger >>

  • PARADE OF SAINTS (Germany, 2004-2007)

    Some religious rituals manage to survive in a secularized Europe - for instance, in Germany, where centuries-old processions are still held annually in many places. In these plays lay people usually act the roles of the Christian saints, depicting them in a manner as amateurish as it is theatrical. Georg Kürzinger photographed a number of these processions in Bavaria. He selected this state especially because by his own admission the present Pope, Benedict XVI, has the roots of his faith there.

  • PARADE OF SAINTS (Germany, 2004-2007)

  • PARADE OF SAINTS (Germany, 2004-2007)

Ricardo Labastier

Ricardo Labastier

IN THE EYES OF THE FATHER (Brazil, 2005-2006)

Brazil is a Catholic country par excellence, with a devout population. In the eyes of the Father symbolizes the power of the Church in that land through the use of elements with Catholic connotations, such as baroque fabrics and mystic light. The photographs were made in the north-east of Brazil, where there are many richly decorated Catholic monasteries and churches.

Ricardo Labastier >>

  • IN THE EYES OF THE FATHER (Brazil, 2005-2006)

    Brazil is a Catholic country par excellence, with a devout population. In the eyes of the Father symbolizes the power of the Church in that land through the use of elements with Catholic connotations, such as baroque fabrics and mystic light. The photographs were made in the north-east of Brazil, where there are many richly decorated Catholic monasteries and churches.

  • IN THE EYES OF THE FATHER (Brazil, 2005-2006)

Nate Larson

Nate Larson

MIRACLE PENNIES (United States, 2006)

In 2006 California's evangelical 'prophet' Peter Popoff sent out a letter to everyone on his mailing list. In it he promised that the addressee's money worries would be solved and he or she would receive God's secret blessing. The only thing that they had to do was to follow the instructions in the letter: put the five pennies that came in the letter under their pillow, drench them in water mixed with oil, hide them in a secret place, and put them in a Bible. After that they were to bathe their foot with water from the bottle that also came with the letter, draw the outline of their foot on a piece of paper, and send it back along with one of the pennies - and a $20 note. Nate Larson decided to follow the instructions precisely.

Nate Larson >>

  • MIRACLE PENNIES (United States, 2006)

    In 2006 California's evangelical 'prophet' Peter Popoff sent out a letter to everyone on his mailing list. In it he promised that the addressee's money worries would be solved and he or she would receive God's secret blessing. The only thing that they had to do was to follow the instructions in the letter: put the five pennies that came in the letter under their pillow, drench them in water mixed with oil, hide them in a secret place, and put them in a Bible. After that they were to bathe their foot with water from the bottle that also came with the letter, draw the outline of their foot on a piece of paper, and send it back along with one of the pennies - and a $20 note. Nate Larson decided to follow the instructions precisely.

  • MIRACLE PENNIES (United States, 2006)

  • MIRACLE PENNIES (United States, 2006)

  • MIRACLE PENNIES (United States, 2006)

Gillian Laub

Gillian Laub

TESTIMONY (Israel / Palestine, 2002-2004)

The American photographer Gillian Laub has been visiting Palestine and Israel regularly since 2002. Over the years she has done portraits of residents of cities such as Jerusalem, Haifa, Tel Aviv and Nablus. She has had every group in the population before her camera, from Jews and Palestinians to Israeli Arabs and Lebanese immigrants. They all have their own story and background. But the geopolitical problems influence daily life for all of them, just as surely as they each have a part of the solution to contribute.

Gillian Laub >>

  • TESTIMONY (Israel / Palestine, 2002-2004)

    The American photographer Gillian Laub has been visiting Palestine and Israel regularly since 2002. Over the years she has done portraits of residents of cities such as Jerusalem, Haifa, Tel Aviv and Nablus. She has had every group in the population before her camera, from Jews and Palestinians to Israeli Arabs and Lebanese immigrants. They all have their own story and background. But the geopolitical problems influence daily life for all of them, just as surely as they each have a part of the solution to contribute.

  • TESTIMONY (Israel / Palestine, 2002-2004)

Jan Locus

Jan Locus

EX-VOTO (Cuba / United States / Ethiopia / China / Israel, 1995-2007)

Christianity has about two billion adherents world-wide. At the same time, there is no other religion with so many internal divisions. The number of movements and interpretations is enormous, not in the least as a result of Western colonialism. That brought Christianity to unexpected places, where, mixed with local traditions, it evolved into new variants. The integration of pagan rituals was often encouraged by missionaries, so that the Christian faith they taught would fall on more fertile ground. Jan Locus has photographed Christianity all over the world.

Jan Locus >>

  • EX-VOTO (Cuba / United States / Ethiopia / China / Israel, 1995-2007)

    Christianity has about two billion adherents world-wide. At the same time, there is no other religion with so many internal divisions. The number of movements and interpretations is enormous, not in the least as a result of Western colonialism. That brought Christianity to unexpected places, where, mixed with local traditions, it evolved into new variants. The integration of pagan rituals was often encouraged by missionaries, so that the Christian faith they taught would fall on more fertile ground. Jan Locus has photographed Christianity all over the world.

  • EX-VOTO (Cuba / United States / Ethiopia / China / Israel, 1995-2007)

  • EX-VOTO (Cuba / United States / Ethiopia / China / Israel, 1995-2007)

  • EX-VOTO (Cuba / United States / Ethiopia / China / Israel, 1995-2007)

  • EX-VOTO (Cuba / United States / Ethiopia / China / Israel, 1995-2007)

Massimo Mastrorillo

Massimo Mastrorillo

SACRED TRENCHES - CHRISTIANS IN SYRIA: A WORKING MINORITY (Syria, 2006)

Although Syria is known as being overwhelmingly Muslim, there is an active Christian minority living there, comprising about 10 percent of the population. This community has been there since the beginnings of Christianity. According to Massimo Mastrorillo, the various religions in Syria are therefore closer to one another than is often thought.

Massimo Mastrorillo >>

  • SACRED TRENCHES - CHRISTIANS IN SYRIA: A WORKING MINORITY (Syria, 2006)

    Although Syria is known as being overwhelmingly Muslim, there is an active Christian minority living there, comprising about 10 percent of the population. This community has been there since the beginnings of Christianity. According to Massimo Mastrorillo, the various religions in Syria are therefore closer to one another than is often thought.

  • SACRED TRENCHES - CHRISTIANS IN SYRIA: A WORKING MINORITY (Syria, 2006)

Rania Matar

Rania Matar

WOMEN OF ISLAM (Lebanon, 2005-2007)

Muslims are becoming a majority in Lebanon in recent years. They are also concerned about the war in Iraq, the rising tensions with Iran, and the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. Especially through the attacks on September 11 and the suspicions directed against all Muslims, they have begun to identify more strongly with their religion and the Muslim world. A symbol of this is the return of the headscarf, which a decade ago had almost disappeared from the street scene. Lebanese women are returning to wearing it for various reasons: devotion, fashion, or an expression of anti-Western sentiments. This all leads to increased social pressure in Lebanon for the wearing of a headscarf.

Rania Matar >>

  • WOMEN OF ISLAM (Lebanon, 2005-2007)

    Muslims are becoming a majority in Lebanon in recent years. They are also concerned about the war in Iraq, the rising tensions with Iran, and the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. Especially through the attacks on September 11 and the suspicions directed against all Muslims, they have begun to identify more strongly with their religion and the Muslim world. A symbol of this is the return of the headscarf, which a decade ago had almost disappeared from the street scene. Lebanese women are returning to wearing it for various reasons: devotion, fashion, or an expression of anti-Western sentiments. This all leads to increased social pressure in Lebanon for the wearing of a headscarf.

  • WOMEN OF ISLAM (Lebanon, 2005-2007)

  • WOMEN OF ISLAM (Lebanon, 2005-2007)

  • WOMEN OF ISLAM (Lebanon, 2005-2007)

  • WOMEN OF ISLAM (Lebanon, 2005-2007)

Yann Mingard

Yann Mingard

TUVA (Russia, 2003-2005)

Shamanism is one of the oldest spiritual currents in the world. The figure of the shaman, who is in contact with spirits or invisible powers, is central to it. In the Soviet Union followers of shamanism were prosecuted. Since the fall of the Communist regime however the shamanism has experienced a revival. A case in point is Tuva, a nomadic republic in Siberia where shamanism may well have had its origins. Traditional shamans who assist villagers with their healing powers in exchange for food live in its rural areas. But in the city the most important shamans are directors of expensive clinics where Western medical tourists are also welcome. They regularly give seminars in Europe, in which commercial motives prevail.

Yann Mingard >>

  • TUVA (Russia, 2003-2005)

    Shamanism is one of the oldest spiritual currents in the world. The figure of the shaman, who is in contact with spirits or invisible powers, is central to it. In the Soviet Union followers of shamanism were prosecuted. Since the fall of the Communist regime however the shamanism has experienced a revival. A case in point is Tuva, a nomadic republic in Siberia where shamanism may well have had its origins. Traditional shamans who assist villagers with their healing powers in exchange for food live in its rural areas. But in the city the most important shamans are directors of expensive clinics where Western medical tourists are also welcome. They regularly give seminars in Europe, in which commercial motives prevail.

  • TUVA (Russia, 2003-2005)

  • TUVA (Russia, 2003-2005)

  • TUVA (Russia, 2003-2005)

Fernando Moleres

Fernando Moleres

OBLIVION (Serbia / India, 2006-2007)

Oblivion comprises portraits of Orthodox Serbian monks and of nagas from India. The monks reside in a small, poor monastery near the border with Kosovo. During or after the war in what used to be Yugoslavia, they exchanged their normal lives for an ascetic existence in the service of God. The nagas are a radical Indian equivalent of monks, anciently founded to protect Hinduism, by violence if necessary. They smear their bodies with ash, smoke hashish and wear their hair long in honor of the god Shiva, whose flowing hair is reputed to possess preternatural powers. Fernando Moleres photographed the monks and nagas in their search for spiritual peace by means of meditation and prayer.

Fernando Moleres >>

  • OBLIVION (Serbia / India, 2006-2007)

    Oblivion comprises portraits of Orthodox Serbian monks and of nagas from India. The monks reside in a small, poor monastery near the border with Kosovo. During or after the war in what used to be Yugoslavia, they exchanged their normal lives for an ascetic existence in the service of God. The nagas are a radical Indian equivalent of monks, anciently founded to protect Hinduism, by violence if necessary. They smear their bodies with ash, smoke hashish and wear their hair long in honor of the god Shiva, whose flowing hair is reputed to possess preternatural powers. Fernando Moleres photographed the monks and nagas in their search for spiritual peace by means of meditation and prayer.

  • OBLIVION (Serbia / India, 2006-2007)

Jean-Claude Moschetti

Jean-Claude Moschetti

EGUNGUN (Benin, 2007)

Egungun is a Vodun community in the West African country of Benin, which worships the ancestors. The members believe that their spirits watch over their descendants on earth and - depending on the amount of attention they are given - punish or reward them. The spirits can be invited to appear physically in the body of the Egungun. In this form they can punish the wrong-doings of the village, like supernatural inquisitors. According to popular belief, touching them, even by accident, is fatal.

Jean-Claude Moschetti >>

  • EGUNGUN (Benin, 2007)

    Egungun is a Vodun community in the West African country of Benin, which worships the ancestors. The members believe that their spirits watch over their descendants on earth and - depending on the amount of attention they are given - punish or reward them. The spirits can be invited to appear physically in the body of the Egungun. In this form they can punish the wrong-doings of the village, like supernatural inquisitors. According to popular belief, touching them, even by accident, is fatal.

  • EGUNGUN (Benin, 2007)

  • EGUNGUN (Benin, 2007)

Jackie Nickerson

Jackie Nickerson

FAITH (Ireland, 2004-2006)

Jackie Nickerson emigrated to Ireland and there became intrigued by the devotion to spirituality. She decided to photograph spaces in the country that were used for religious purposes. She began with public places such as schools, monasteries and hospitals, later obtaining access to the spaces of communities that remain closed to others. There she encountered a hallowed atmosphere that symbolizes devotion to a spiritual life, more than merely to Christianity.

Jackie Nickerson >>

  • FAITH (Ireland, 2004-2006)

    Jackie Nickerson emigrated to Ireland and there became intrigued by the devotion to spirituality. She decided to photograph spaces in the country that were used for religious purposes. She began with public places such as schools, monasteries and hospitals, later obtaining access to the spaces of communities that remain closed to others. There she encountered a hallowed atmosphere that symbolizes devotion to a spiritual life, more than merely to Christianity.

  • FAITH (Ireland, 2004-2006)

Nick Nostitz

Nick Nostitz

CLEANING THE GRAVEYARD (Thailand, 2001-2007)

In Thailand, after fifteen years the bones of the dead who have been buried by Thai-Chinese charities because the bodies went unclaimed by family or friends are exhumed. The exhumation is a great religious celebration for the whole of the normally strongly hierarchic Thai society. From the poorest farmer to the richest businessman, all assist with the opening of the graves and cleaning the bones. Nor does the status of the dead play any role. All bones are treated with equal respect, and assembled for a new mass burial. Although the origins of the feast are Buddhist, many other religious sects join with it. They perform their own rituals, such as placing toys with the bodies of children to appease their ghosts.

Nick Nostitz >>

  • CLEANING THE GRAVEYARD (Thailand, 2001-2007)

    In Thailand, after fifteen years the bones of the dead who have been buried by Thai-Chinese charities because the bodies went unclaimed by family or friends are exhumed. The exhumation is a great religious celebration for the whole of the normally strongly hierarchic Thai society. From the poorest farmer to the richest businessman, all assist with the opening of the graves and cleaning the bones. Nor does the status of the dead play any role. All bones are treated with equal respect, and assembled for a new mass burial. Although the origins of the feast are Buddhist, many other religious sects join with it. They perform their own rituals, such as placing toys with the bodies of children to appease their ghosts.

  • CLEANING THE GRAVEYARD (Thailand, 2001-2007)

  • CLEANING THE GRAVEYARD (Thailand, 2001-2007)

  • CLEANING THE GRAVEYARD (Thailand, 2001-2007)

Jukka Onnela

Jukka Onnela

ANGST VOR DIR (2006)

Jukka Onnela traveled through Israel and the Palestinian territories for two-and-a-half months. She made photographs there on the basis of intuition and association, particularly in the city of Jerusalem. The images represent the emotions that the locations she was photographing awakened in her. Angst vor Dir is thus a photographic diary about her experiences in a society in which fear of each other is a daily reality.

Jukka Onnela >>

  • ANGST VOR DIR (2006)

    Jukka Onnela traveled through Israel and the Palestinian territories for two-and-a-half months. She made photographs there on the basis of intuition and association, particularly in the city of Jerusalem. The images represent the emotions that the locations she was photographing awakened in her. Angst vor Dir is thus a photographic diary about her experiences in a society in which fear of each other is a daily reality.

  • ANGST VOR DIR (2006)

Kate Orne

Kate Orne

BROTHELS AND FUNDAMENTALISM (Pakistan, 2005)

In Pakistan prostitutes - often the breadwinners for their family - are a matriarchal island in a patriarchal sea, which otherwise leaves no room whatsoever for female independence. In the brothels it is precisely the men who must take care of the children and do the housekeeping. Kate Orne has portrayed proud, but discreet women on the conjugal bed, on which clients are also received.

Kate Orne >>

  • BROTHELS AND FUNDAMENTALISM (Pakistan, 2005)

    In Pakistan prostitutes - often the breadwinners for their family - are a matriarchal island in a patriarchal sea, which otherwise leaves no room whatsoever for female independence. In the brothels it is precisely the men who must take care of the children and do the housekeeping. Kate Orne has portrayed proud, but discreet women on the conjugal bed, on which clients are also received.

Prashant Panjiar

Prashant Panjiar

ARDH KUMBH MELA (India, 2007)

According to Hindu mythology, during a battle among the gods and demons four drops of nectar fell to earth. These landed on the Indian cities of Allahabad, Haridwar, Nasik and Ujjain, where since then the Kumbh Mela has been celebrated in a twelve-year cycle. The most important of these festivals is the Mahakumbh Mela, organized every twelfth year. That is followed by the Ardh Kumbh Mela, which is celebrated half way through the cycle. During the Kumbh Mela pilgrims bathe en mass in the holy river in order to wash their sins away and break out of the cycle of reincarnation. In 2007 about seventy million pilgrims participated in the Ardh Kumbh Mela in Allahabad, a place that has extra significance because it is where three holy rivers, the Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati, flow together.

Prashant Panjiar >>

  • ARDH KUMBH MELA (India, 2007)

    According to Hindu mythology, during a battle among the gods and demons four drops of nectar fell to earth. These landed on the Indian cities of Allahabad, Haridwar, Nasik and Ujjain, where since then the Kumbh Mela has been celebrated in a twelve-year cycle. The most important of these festivals is the Mahakumbh Mela, organized every twelfth year. That is followed by the Ardh Kumbh Mela, which is celebrated half way through the cycle. During the Kumbh Mela pilgrims bathe en mass in the holy river in order to wash their sins away and break out of the cycle of reincarnation. In 2007 about seventy million pilgrims participated in the Ardh Kumbh Mela in Allahabad, a place that has extra significance because it is where three holy rivers, the Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati, flow together.

Olivier Pin-Fat

Olivier Pin-Fat

COMING HOME (China, 2001)

The Hakka Chinese, a Chinese subgroup with their own language, organize complex and clandestine death ceremonies. These permit the spirits of their ancestors to return to the parental home, in order to then send them on to heaven. Olivier Pin Fat, part Hakka Chinese, attended such a ceremony which was held for his grandfather. The rituals, his stay in the 500-year-old Hakka village, and the stories about his grandfather taught him much about the history of his family. Thus it was not only the spirit of his grandfather that was brought home by the ceremony, but Olivier Pin Fat himself.

Olivier Pin-Fat >>

  • COMING HOME (China, 2001)

    The Hakka Chinese, a Chinese subgroup with their own language, organize complex and clandestine death ceremonies. These permit the spirits of their ancestors to return to the parental home, in order to then send them on to heaven. Olivier Pin Fat, part Hakka Chinese, attended such a ceremony which was held for his grandfather. The rituals, his stay in the 500-year-old Hakka village, and the stories about his grandfather taught him much about the history of his family. Thus it was not only the spirit of his grandfather that was brought home by the ceremony, but Olivier Pin Fat himself.

  • COMING HOME (China, 2001)

  • COMING HOME (China, 2001)

Jan Pohribny

Jan Pohribny

ENLIGHTED CITY (Czech Republic, 2000-2007)

Czech cities mix impressive religious architecture and statues with bitter memories of persecutions of, and by, religious groups. There are hidden tales behind these medieval statues and churches, about the Catholic inquisition, Nazi concentration camps, and Communist oppression.

Jan Pohribny >>

  • ENLIGHTED CITY (Czech Republic, 2000-2007)

    Czech cities mix impressive religious architecture and statues with bitter memories of persecutions of, and by, religious groups. There are hidden tales behind these medieval statues and churches, about the Catholic inquisition, Nazi concentration camps, and Communist oppression.

  • ENLIGHTED CITY (Czech Republic, 2000-2007)

Judith Quax

Judith Quax

TOUBA (Senegal, 2005)

Anyone traveling to Senegal sees images of Serigne Touba everywhere. This Senegalese hero is reputed to have performed numerous miracles and been protected by God during his exile by the French colonial authorities. Every year millions of West Africans travel to the Senegalese city of Touba to celebrate Serigne Touba's return from exile early in the 20th century. After his return Touba founded mouridisme, a sub-current of Islam which has strongly influenced Senegalese culture. Mouride literally means 'one who wants to go to God'. Its followers worship God with song and dance. One famous mouride is the singer Youssou N'Dour.

Judith Quax >>

  • TOUBA (Senegal, 2005)

    Anyone traveling to Senegal sees images of Serigne Touba everywhere. This Senegalese hero is reputed to have performed numerous miracles and been protected by God during his exile by the French colonial authorities. Every year millions of West Africans travel to the Senegalese city of Touba to celebrate Serigne Touba's return from exile early in the 20th century. After his return Touba founded mouridisme, a sub-current of Islam which has strongly influenced Senegalese culture. Mouride literally means 'one who wants to go to God'. Its followers worship God with song and dance. One famous mouride is the singer Youssou N'Dour.

  • TOUBA (Senegal, 2005)

  • TOUBA (Senegal, 2005)

Susana Raab

Susana Raab

THE HOLYLAND EXPERIENCE (United States, 2005)

'Visit Jerusalem in Orlando!' screamed the brochure that Susana Raab found in the lobby of a motel in Florida. It meant The Holyland Experience, a Christian theme park that brings to life the Jerusalem of the time of Christ. And the crucifixion of Jesus is reenacted daily! Raab decided to take a look, and saw how religion has become a commercial product, competing for our leisure budget.

Susana Raab >>

  • THE HOLYLAND EXPERIENCE (United States, 2005)

    'Visit Jerusalem in Orlando!' screamed the brochure that Susana Raab found in the lobby of a motel in Florida. It meant The Holyland Experience, a Christian theme park that brings to life the Jerusalem of the time of Christ. And the crucifixion of Jesus is reenacted daily! Raab decided to take a look, and saw how religion has become a commercial product, competing for our leisure budget.

  • THE HOLYLAND EXPERIENCE (United States, 2005)

  • THE HOLYLAND EXPERIENCE (United States, 2005)

  • THE HOLYLAND EXPERIENCE (United States, 2005)

Asim Rafiqui

Asim Rafiqui

EVANGELICALS IN AMERICA (United States, 2006)

They are seen as those who made George W. Bush president of the United States: the evangelical Christians. For them, the Bible is law and only Jesus can save mankind. They therefore believe that it is of the utmost importance to spread Christian belief, and counter the rise of Islam. The evangelical movement is very active on television and the internet. Sermons are broadcast in 75 languages, to countries such as China and Vietnam. It is estimated that there are as many as 70 million evangelical Christians in the United States. Asim Rafiqui documented this group, who have massive influence on politics and public life in the United States.

Asim Rafiqui >>

  • EVANGELICALS IN AMERICA (United States, 2006)

    They are seen as those who made George W. Bush president of the United States: the evangelical Christians. For them, the Bible is law and only Jesus can save mankind. They therefore believe that it is of the utmost importance to spread Christian belief, and counter the rise of Islam. The evangelical movement is very active on television and the internet. Sermons are broadcast in 75 languages, to countries such as China and Vietnam. It is estimated that there are as many as 70 million evangelical Christians in the United States. Asim Rafiqui documented this group, who have massive influence on politics and public life in the United States.

  • EVANGELICALS IN AMERICA (United States, 2006)

  • EVANGELICALS IN AMERICA (United States, 2006)

  • EVANGELICALS IN AMERICA (United States, 2006)

  • EVANGELICALS IN AMERICA (United States, 2006)

Michael Rauner

Michael Rauner

THE VISIONARY STATE: A JOURNEY THROUGH CALIFORNIA'S SPIRITUAL LANDSCAPE (United States, 2006)

California, the birthplace of the internet, aerospace industry and Disneyland, exercises massive influence on popular culture. With its open and liberal character, the Golden State is also rich in spiritual traditions. Photographer and visual artist Michael Rauner and writer Erik Davis traveled in and around California for two years as pilgrims. They documented religious interventions in the landscape, with an eye for both the work of famous architects and unknown folk artists.

Michael Rauner >>

  • THE VISIONARY STATE: A JOURNEY THROUGH CALIFORNIA'S SPIRITUAL LANDSCAPE (United States, 2006)

    California, the birthplace of the internet, aerospace industry and Disneyland, exercises massive influence on popular culture. With its open and liberal character, the Golden State is also rich in spiritual traditions. Photographer and visual artist Michael Rauner and writer Erik Davis traveled in and around California for two years as pilgrims. They documented religious interventions in the landscape, with an eye for both the work of famous architects and unknown folk artists.

  • THE VISIONARY STATE: A JOURNEY THROUGH CALIFORNIA'S SPIRITUAL LANDSCAPE (United States, 2006)

  • THE VISIONARY STATE: A JOURNEY THROUGH CALIFORNIA'S SPIRITUAL LANDSCAPE (United States, 2006)

RAWA

RAWA

AFGHANISTAN

In 1977 a number of women intellectuals established the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA) in Kabul. RAWA agitated for a democratically chosen government and sought to advance the rights of Afghan women. During the Soviet occupation RAWA founded schools and hospitals for Afghan refugees in Pakistan. They also provided education for women, to the rage of the Communist occupiers and fundamentalist Islam. Many RAWA members, including its founder Meena Kishwar Kamel, were murdered. In 1981 the movement founded its own magazine, Payam-e-Zam ("Message for Women"). The magazine is still ongoing, just as is their struggle, now that the United States has replaced the Taliban with other fundamentalist warlords. A well-tried instrument in their struggle is the camera hidden under their burka, for filming and photographing abuses involving Afghan women.

RAWA >>

  • AFGHANISTAN

    In 1977 a number of women intellectuals established the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA) in Kabul. RAWA agitated for a democratically chosen government and sought to advance the rights of Afghan women. During the Soviet occupation RAWA founded schools and hospitals for Afghan refugees in Pakistan. They also provided education for women, to the rage of the Communist occupiers and fundamentalist Islam. Many RAWA members, including its founder Meena Kishwar Kamel, were murdered. In 1981 the movement founded its own magazine, Payam-e-Zam ("Message for Women"). The magazine is still ongoing, just as is their struggle, now that the United States has replaced the Taliban with other fundamentalist warlords. A well-tried instrument in their struggle is the camera hidden under their burka, for filming and photographing abuses involving Afghan women.

  • AFGHANISTAN

    Kabul, November 17, 1999. Zarmeena was executed by the Taliban in Kabul Stadium for allegedly killing her husband. Zarmeena’s children and the family of Zarmeena’s husband were present at the stadium and the children were crying loudly for their mother. Several minutes before the execution, her husband’s family announced to the Taliban that had forgiven Zarmeena. Although Islamic Law allows the family to forgive the killer and stop the execution, in this case the Taliban said it was impossible to stop and proceeded to shoot her.

  • AFGHANISTAN

    Kabul, August 14, 1998. The hard-line Taliban publicly amputated the limbs of two thieves amid shouts of 'God is the greatest' at Kabul Stadium. Thousands of Taliban soldiers and citizens, including women, watched the proceedings. A team of surgeons wearing blue masks chopped off right hands and left feet of the two men convicted of highway robbery. The surgeons amputated the limbs after anesthetizing the convicts and left the severed limbs on the ground for spectators.

  • AFGHANISTAN

    Kabul, August 26, 2001. Using a hidden video camera, RAWA filmed two Taliban from the Religious Police department, also known as Amro bil Mahroof (The Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice), beating a woman because she has dared to remove her burka in public.

Dagmar Schwelle

Dagmar Schwelle

HOLY WARRIORS (Spain, 2006)

In many Spanish cities there are annual re-enactments of battles from the Reconquista, the recovery of the Iberian peninsula from the Moors. For days on end warriors in historic costumes parade through the streets. This re-enactment always closes with victory for the Christians. The defeated Moors have no choice than to embrace the victorious faith. Dagmar Schwelle photographed the traditional celebrations which, through the increased tension between Christians and Muslims today, has become a delicate issue. – Kiko

Dagmar Schwelle >>

  • HOLY WARRIORS (Spain, 2006)

    In many Spanish cities there are annual re-enactments of battles from the Reconquista, the recovery of the Iberian peninsula from the Moors. For days on end warriors in historic costumes parade through the streets. This re-enactment always closes with victory for the Christians. The defeated Moors have no choice than to embrace the victorious faith. Dagmar Schwelle photographed the traditional celebrations which, through the increased tension between Christians and Muslims today, has become a delicate issue. – Kiko

  • Holy Warriors

    José

Ahikam Seri

Ahikam Seri

ANTI-GAY PROTESTS, JERUSALEM (Israel, 2006-2007)

The first Gay Pride Parade in Jerusalem, organized in 2002, passed off without incident. In 2006, at the time of the Lebanese-Israeli war, things were different. The planned international Gay Parade was scrapped and even a local version ran into protests from ultra-orthodox Jews and Islamic and Christian clergy. Thousands of orthodox Jews fought with the police daily, until the parade was canceled. To replace it, a homo rally was organized in a hermetically sealed stadium. In 2007 the Gay Pride Parade consisted of nothing more than walking along a heavily-policed, two-kilometer route in Jerusalem. – Wearing jute sackcloth as a traditional sign of grief, ultra-orthodox Jewish rabbis address the crowd during a mass protest march in Jerusalem against a gay parade planned for the city. Religious Jews, ultra-right-wing Jewish activists and religious Muslims promised to prevent the parade from taking place in the Holy City at all costs.

Ahikam Seri >>

  • ANTI-GAY PROTESTS, JERUSALEM (Israel, 2006-2007)

    The first Gay Pride Parade in Jerusalem, organized in 2002, passed off without incident. In 2006, at the time of the Lebanese-Israeli war, things were different. The planned international Gay Parade was scrapped and even a local version ran into protests from ultra-orthodox Jews and Islamic and Christian clergy. Thousands of orthodox Jews fought with the police daily, until the parade was canceled. To replace it, a homo rally was organized in a hermetically sealed stadium. In 2007 the Gay Pride Parade consisted of nothing more than walking along a heavily-policed, two-kilometer route in Jerusalem. – Wearing jute sackcloth as a traditional sign of grief, ultra-orthodox Jewish rabbis address the crowd during a mass protest march in Jerusalem against a gay parade planned for the city. Religious Jews, ultra-right-wing Jewish activists and religious Muslims promised to prevent the parade from taking place in the Holy City at all costs.

  • ANTI-GAY PROTESTS, JERUSALEM (Israel, 2006-2007)

    An ultra-orthodox Jew in the midst of riots against an upcoming gay parade, in the ultra-orthodox neighbourhood of Mea Shearim in Jerusalem.

  • ANTI-GAY PROTESTS, JERUSALEM (Israel, 2006-2007)

    Riot policemen watch a protester who fell on the ground, as a mass demonstration by ultra-orthodox Jews against an upcoming gay pride parade develops into a riot situation in Jerusalem.

  • ANTI-GAY PROTESTS, JERUSALEM (Israel, 2006-2007)

    Donkeys covered with pink signs reading 'Proud' during a 'Beast Parade' protest by ultra-orthodox Jews, making a derogatory comparison with an upcoming gay pride parade in Jerusalem.

  • ANTI-GAY PROTESTS, JERUSALEM (Israel, 2006-2007)

    A woman is detained by police after she and other members of the gay and lesbian community attempted to hold an alternative gay pride parade in the streets of Jerusalem.

Michael Shaowanasai

Michael Shaowanasai

PORTRAITS OF A MAN IN HABITS (Thailand, 2003)

Thailand has a reputation for being open to all sorts of lifestyles. To be admitted to Buddhism, one need only answer the question, 'Are you human?' The question refers to a myth in which a snake god disguises himself as a man. Presently the question is used chiefly to exclude the lame, mentally ill and homosexuals. Michael Shaowanasai tested this by photographing himself made up as a Buddhist monk. The result was a heated outcry. Buddhists tried to block the exhibition, and Shaowanasai responded by showing the photograph rolled up. Subsequently he made a photograph of himself as someone who had just left the monkhood. According to the artist, the attitude of Buddhists is all the more hypocritical because closeted homosexual monks are much sought after for designing temples and organizing funerals in Thailand, because of their refined taste.

Michael Shaowanasai >>

  • PORTRAITS OF A MAN IN HABITS (Thailand, 2003)

    Thailand has a reputation for being open to all sorts of lifestyles. To be admitted to Buddhism, one need only answer the question, 'Are you human?' The question refers to a myth in which a snake god disguises himself as a man. Presently the question is used chiefly to exclude the lame, mentally ill and homosexuals. Michael Shaowanasai tested this by photographing himself made up as a Buddhist monk. The result was a heated outcry. Buddhists tried to block the exhibition, and Shaowanasai responded by showing the photograph rolled up. Subsequently he made a photograph of himself as someone who had just left the monkhood. According to the artist, the attitude of Buddhists is all the more hypocritical because closeted homosexual monks are much sought after for designing temples and organizing funerals in Thailand, because of their refined taste.

  • PORTRAITS OF A MAN IN HABITS (Thailand, 2003)

Christopher Sims

Christopher Sims

HOME FRONTS (United States, 2002-2005)

Full-size mock-ups of Iraqi and Afghan villages lie hidden in the woods in the south of the United States. There American soldiers are trained before they are sent out to Iraq and Afghanistan. The 'residents' are often immigrants who, to make some money, have to reenact the life that they have recently left behind them. Between the exercises they have to stay in character in their roles as innkeepers or gardeners. – Vegetable stand, Fort Polk, Louisiana (USA), 2005

Christopher Sims >>

  • HOME FRONTS (United States, 2002-2005)

    Full-size mock-ups of Iraqi and Afghan villages lie hidden in the woods in the south of the United States. There American soldiers are trained before they are sent out to Iraq and Afghanistan. The 'residents' are often immigrants who, to make some money, have to reenact the life that they have recently left behind them. Between the exercises they have to stay in character in their roles as innkeepers or gardeners. – Vegetable stand, Fort Polk, Louisiana (USA), 2005

Martin Specht

Martin Specht

STREETPREACHERS USA (United States, 2007)

The Official Streetpreachers, a group of fundamentalist Christians in the United States, publicly express their conservative Christian views. In doing so, they do not hesitate to insult or revile those who disagree with them. They go out onto the streets with signs and clothing printed with Biblical texts and commandments, and scream slogans such as 'Burn in hell!' at unwitting passers-by. Their methods are sometimes so aggressive that the police find it necessary to step in. Martin Specht photographed the Streetpreachers in Miami.

Martin Specht >>

  • STREETPREACHERS USA (United States, 2007)

    The Official Streetpreachers, a group of fundamentalist Christians in the United States, publicly express their conservative Christian views. In doing so, they do not hesitate to insult or revile those who disagree with them. They go out onto the streets with signs and clothing printed with Biblical texts and commandments, and scream slogans such as 'Burn in hell!' at unwitting passers-by. Their methods are sometimes so aggressive that the police find it necessary to step in. Martin Specht photographed the Streetpreachers in Miami.

  • STREETPREACHERS USA (United States, 2007)

  • STREETPREACHERS USA (United States, 2007)

  • STREETPREACHERS USA (United States, 2007)

  • STREETPREACHERS USA (United States, 2007)

Guillermo Srodek-Hart

Guillermo Srodek-Hart

ARGENTINA (Argentina, 2005-2007)

Spiritual and commercial motives are inseparably tied up with each other in rural Argentina. Photographer Guillermo Srodek-Hart focused on the most popular hero in the agrarian community, Gauchito Gil. According to tradition, Gauchito Gil, whose grave attracts many pilgrims, was an Argentine Robin Hood. In the 19th century he deserted from the army because he refused to fight against his countrymen. At his execution he is reputed to have been responsible for a number of miracles, after which his fame grew. Today there are many red altars in honor of Gauchito Gil to be found beside country roads in Argentina.

Guillermo Srodek-Hart >>

  • ARGENTINA (Argentina, 2005-2007)

    Spiritual and commercial motives are inseparably tied up with each other in rural Argentina. Photographer Guillermo Srodek-Hart focused on the most popular hero in the agrarian community, Gauchito Gil. According to tradition, Gauchito Gil, whose grave attracts many pilgrims, was an Argentine Robin Hood. In the 19th century he deserted from the army because he refused to fight against his countrymen. At his execution he is reputed to have been responsible for a number of miracles, after which his fame grew. Today there are many red altars in honor of Gauchito Gil to be found beside country roads in Argentina.

  • ARGENTINA (Argentina, 2005-2007)

John Stanmeyer

John Stanmeyer

BALINESE MYSTICISM (Indonesia, 2003-2007)

Ghosts hover everywhere on Bali. At least that is what the inhabitants of this Indonesian island believe, who see their lives as connected with an 'other world'. Balinese spiritual culture, a mixture of Hinduism, animism and Islam, was one of the last in the world to have developed in all isolation. Because of that, centuries-old ceremonies and rituals survive down to this day. John Stanmeyer did a photographic report using a Holga, a dirt-cheap camera that is notorious for its imperfect images. His photographs therefore appear to have been made decades ago, stressing the historicity of the spiritual culture on Bali.

John Stanmeyer >>

  • BALINESE MYSTICISM (Indonesia, 2003-2007)

    Ghosts hover everywhere on Bali. At least that is what the inhabitants of this Indonesian island believe, who see their lives as connected with an 'other world'. Balinese spiritual culture, a mixture of Hinduism, animism and Islam, was one of the last in the world to have developed in all isolation. Because of that, centuries-old ceremonies and rituals survive down to this day. John Stanmeyer did a photographic report using a Holga, a dirt-cheap camera that is notorious for its imperfect images. His photographs therefore appear to have been made decades ago, stressing the historicity of the spiritual culture on Bali.

  • BALINESE MYSTICISM (Indonesia, 2003-2007)

  • BALINESE MYSTICISM (Indonesia, 2003-2007)

  • BALINESE MYSTICISM (Indonesia, 2003-2007)

  • BALINESE MYSTICISM (Indonesia, 2003-2007)

Gordon Stettinius

Gordon Stettinius

NAKED PILGRIM (United States, 1995-2007)

For twelve years now Gordon Stettinius has been photographing the religious symbols and injunctions he encounters during his trips along American highways. His collection includes an almost infinite series of expressions that amuse, confuse, enlighten or irritate the pausing traveler.

Gordon Stettinius >>

  • NAKED PILGRIM (United States, 1995-2007)

    For twelve years now Gordon Stettinius has been photographing the religious symbols and injunctions he encounters during his trips along American highways. His collection includes an almost infinite series of expressions that amuse, confuse, enlighten or irritate the pausing traveler.

  • NAKED PILGRIM (United States, 1995-2007)

  • NAKED PILGRIM (United States, 1995-2007)

Viktor Storjord

Viktor Storjord

IMAGES OF INNOCENCE (Norway, 2006)

It is not unusual for the hands of major political actors to be smeared with blood. Viktor Storjord asks himself who is hidden behind the masks: are they men of flesh and blood, such as you and I?

Viktor Storjord >>

  • IMAGES OF INNOCENCE (Norway, 2006)

    It is not unusual for the hands of major political actors to be smeared with blood. Viktor Storjord asks himself who is hidden behind the masks: are they men of flesh and blood, such as you and I?

  • IMAGES OF INNOCENCE (Norway, 2006)

Andreas Teichmann

Andreas Teichmann

HINDU TEMPLE HAMM (Germany, 2002)

Andreas Teichmann photographed the construction of the largest Hindu temple in Europe, at Hamm, a town in the German state of Nordrhein-Westfalen. On a dreary industrial park, between a power station and a motorway, the builders from India built their own religious oasis.

Andreas Teichmann >>

  • HINDU TEMPLE HAMM (Germany, 2002)

    Andreas Teichmann photographed the construction of the largest Hindu temple in Europe, at Hamm, a town in the German state of Nordrhein-Westfalen. On a dreary industrial park, between a power station and a motorway, the builders from India built their own religious oasis.

  • HINDU TEMPLE HAMM (Germany, 2002)

  • HINDU TEMPLE HAMM (Germany, 2002)

Andrew Testa

Andrew Testa

ACID ATTACKS IN BANGLADESH (Bangladesh, 2005)

Every year in Bangladesh several hundred girls and woman are victims of an attack with caustic substances. Generally the motive is the rejection of a marriage or sexual proposal, or a fight within the family. The perpetrators, almost always men, regularly go free. The seriously maimed victims, on the other hand, are cast out by their families and forced to live by begging. The Victims of Acid Attacks Foundation in Dhaka helps and treats these women. In Bangladesh cheap bleaching agents are available on every street corner. In Pakistan and India too women are regularly doused with caustic substances. – Konolla was attacked with acid by her husband after she refused to give him permission to take another woman. She is being treated at the hospital run by the Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF) in Dhaka, which offers medical care and counseling to victims of acid attacks. – Konolla was attacked with acid by her husband after she refused to give him permission to take another woman. She is being treated at the hospital run by the Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF) in Dhaka, which offers medical care and counseling to victims of acid attacks.

Andrew Testa >>

  • ACID ATTACKS IN BANGLADESH (Bangladesh, 2005)

    Every year in Bangladesh several hundred girls and woman are victims of an attack with caustic substances. Generally the motive is the rejection of a marriage or sexual proposal, or a fight within the family. The perpetrators, almost always men, regularly go free. The seriously maimed victims, on the other hand, are cast out by their families and forced to live by begging. The Victims of Acid Attacks Foundation in Dhaka helps and treats these women. In Bangladesh cheap bleaching agents are available on every street corner. In Pakistan and India too women are regularly doused with caustic substances. – Konolla was attacked with acid by her husband after she refused to give him permission to take another woman. She is being treated at the hospital run by the Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF) in Dhaka, which offers medical care and counseling to victims of acid attacks. – Konolla was attacked with acid by her husband after she refused to give him permission to take another woman. She is being treated at the hospital run by the Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF) in Dhaka, which offers medical care and counseling to victims of acid attacks.

  • ACID ATTACKS IN BANGLADESH (Bangladesh, 2005)

    Konolla was attacked with acid by her husband after she refused to give him permission to take another woman. She is being treated at the hospital run by the Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF) in Dhaka, which offers medical care and counseling to victims of acid attacks.

  • ACID ATTACKS IN BANGLADESH (Bangladesh, 2005)

    Nobisa Begam (15), photographed three days after acid was thrown in her face for refusing a marriage proposal. She is being treated at the hospital run by the Acid Survivors Foundation in Dhaka.

Diana Thorneycroft

Diana Thorneycroft

THE CANADIAN MARTYRDOM SERIES (Canada, 2005-2006)

Using toys, Diana Thorneycroft reconstructs historical paintings showing the martyrdom of saints, setting her scenes in Canadian landscapes. In doing so she exchanges religious devotion for black humor and absurdity, in the sour realization that people are still tortured in the name of religion, and violence has become entertainment in our popular culture.

Diana Thorneycroft >>

  • THE CANADIAN MARTYRDOM SERIES (Canada, 2005-2006)

    Using toys, Diana Thorneycroft reconstructs historical paintings showing the martyrdom of saints, setting her scenes in Canadian landscapes. In doing so she exchanges religious devotion for black humor and absurdity, in the sour realization that people are still tortured in the name of religion, and violence has become entertainment in our popular culture.

  • THE CANADIAN MARTYRDOM SERIES (Canada, 2005-2006)

  • THE CANADIAN MARTYRDOM SERIES (Canada, 2005-2006)

Sadegh Tirafkan

Sadegh Tirafkan

WHISPERS OF THE EAST (Iran, 2006-2007)

Nobody in the Middle East wants to live under a totalitarian regime, Sadegh Tirafkan says. But he does wonder if the Americans have a good alternative. Is their version of democracy really what people want and need? In any case the US has little sensitivity for the culture, religion and life style in the region. All they are concerned about are the military actions. Damage to cultural and religious monuments and traditions in the Middle East, often thousands of years old, is at the most a secondary concern. With his interpretation of a classic Persian carpet, Tirafkan seeks to preserve these traditions.

Sadegh Tirafkan >>

  • WHISPERS OF THE EAST (Iran, 2006-2007)

    Nobody in the Middle East wants to live under a totalitarian regime, Sadegh Tirafkan says. But he does wonder if the Americans have a good alternative. Is their version of democracy really what people want and need? In any case the US has little sensitivity for the culture, religion and life style in the region. All they are concerned about are the military actions. Damage to cultural and religious monuments and traditions in the Middle East, often thousands of years old, is at the most a secondary concern. With his interpretation of a classic Persian carpet, Tirafkan seeks to preserve these traditions.

Phillip Toledano

Philip Toledano

HOPE AND FEAR (United States, 2006-2007)

Philip Toledano visualizes the political wishes and paranoia of contemporary America. He himself creates suits of, for instance, rifles and McDonald's packing material, in order to present an emotional state as a physical extension of the body.

Phillip Toledano >>

  • HOPE AND FEAR (United States, 2006-2007)

    Philip Toledano visualizes the political wishes and paranoia of contemporary America. He himself creates suits of, for instance, rifles and McDonald's packing material, in order to present an emotional state as a physical extension of the body.

  • HOPE AND FEAR (United States, 2006-2007)

Nazif Topcuoglu

Nazif Topcuoglu

RECENT READERS / CURIOSITY AND EXPERIENCE (Turkey, 2003-2006)

With his staged photographs of adolescent girls, Nazif Topçuoglu provides a critique of Islamic society. According to him, half its human capital - namely women - is wasted because women are not permitted to acquire knowledge. With references to British boarding schools and classic painting, Topçuoglu creates a fantasy world in which everything is permitted for girls, from satisfying their curiosity to acquiring knowledge and playing erotic games. The photograph 'Throwing the Book' also refers to a recent event in Turkish politics: during a meeting the President threw a book containing the Constitution at the Vice Premier.

Nazif Topcuoglu >>

  • RECENT READERS / CURIOSITY AND EXPERIENCE (Turkey, 2003-2006)

    With his staged photographs of adolescent girls, Nazif Topçuoglu provides a critique of Islamic society. According to him, half its human capital - namely women - is wasted because women are not permitted to acquire knowledge. With references to British boarding schools and classic painting, Topçuoglu creates a fantasy world in which everything is permitted for girls, from satisfying their curiosity to acquiring knowledge and playing erotic games. The photograph 'Throwing the Book' also refers to a recent event in Turkish politics: during a meeting the President threw a book containing the Constitution at the Vice Premier.

  • RECENT READERS / CURIOSITY AND EXPERIENCE (Turkey, 2003-2006)

    Throwing the Book (RECENT READERS)

Oraib Toukan

Oraib Toukan

16 TO 24 STUPID IMAGES I FEEL WHEN I AM MADE TO FEEL STUPID (Jordan, 2007)

16 to 24 Stupid Images I feel when I am made to feel stupid (Jordan, 2007). Oraib Toukan presents a fictive narrative of a policeman connected to and/or attempting to hear the thoughts of a Jordanian citizen through a stethoscope. The work mocks growing neo-fascist liberalist policies that attempt to assume control of dystopia in an Orwellian manner. These policies are themselves reactions to ideological divisions, represented by her placement of the two characters as polar opposites across the frame.

Oraib Toukan >>

  • 16 TO 24 STUPID IMAGES I FEEL WHEN I AM MADE TO FEEL STUPID (Jordan, 2007)

    16 to 24 Stupid Images I feel when I am made to feel stupid (Jordan, 2007). Oraib Toukan presents a fictive narrative of a policeman connected to and/or attempting to hear the thoughts of a Jordanian citizen through a stethoscope. The work mocks growing neo-fascist liberalist policies that attempt to assume control of dystopia in an Orwellian manner. These policies are themselves reactions to ideological divisions, represented by her placement of the two characters as polar opposites across the frame.

Gaël Turine

Gaël Turine

VODUN (Haiti, 2005)

In Fon, the language spoken in Benin, vodun stands for an invisible and mysterious power. Many Haitians believe in the existence of a world of voodoo spirits that serves as a model for our real society. These spirits, the Lwa, form a bridge between the past and present, the dead and living, and mankind and the supernatural. They have names such as Papa Legba, Baron Samdi and Grande Brigitte, and derive from African ancestors who were brought to Haiti as slaves. The Haitian religious calendar is full of pilgrimages related to the Lwa, and the spirits are regularly summoned up to take possession of Haitians. – At Saut d’Eau a man takes refuge in a cave after having washed and purified himself in the waters of Lwa Ezili.

Gaël Turine >>

  • VODUN (Haiti, 2005)

    In Fon, the language spoken in Benin, vodun stands for an invisible and mysterious power. Many Haitians believe in the existence of a world of voodoo spirits that serves as a model for our real society. These spirits, the Lwa, form a bridge between the past and present, the dead and living, and mankind and the supernatural. They have names such as Papa Legba, Baron Samdi and Grande Brigitte, and derive from African ancestors who were brought to Haiti as slaves. The Haitian religious calendar is full of pilgrimages related to the Lwa, and the spirits are regularly summoned up to take possession of Haitians. – At Saut d’Eau a man takes refuge in a cave after having washed and purified himself in the waters of Lwa Ezili.

  • VODUN (Haiti, 2005)

    The pilgrimage to Saut d’Eau is the one of the more important of the Voodoo calendar. The voodooists there revere the spirit Lwa Ezili who reigns in this big waterfall, the purity of the water of which is renowned throughout the country. This pilgrimage ends with a gigantic party animated by a brass band.

  • VODUN (Haiti, 2005)

    The pilgrims come to take their good luck bath in the waters of Lwa Ezili and show him their respect. Remaining underneath the waterfall allows the pilgrim to establish an intense and direct contact with the spirit. This woman returns possessed by Lwa Ezili.

  • VODUN (Haiti, 2005)

    Outside the Bassin Saint-Jacques at Plaine du Nord men must control this pilgrim in trance, who has become violent and aggressive after having undergone a ceremony led by an Ougan, a Voodoo priest, who tried to expel evil from him.

  • VODUN (Haiti, 2005)

Brian Ulrich

Brian Ulrich

THRIFT (United States, 2006)

Thrift is the story of secondhand articles, a market into which social and religious organizations devotedly pour their efforts. As a rule the goods are processed by volunteers or by people who - often as part of their parole conditions - are working on a return to society. What goes through their hands is the tangible evidence of the whims of fashion in our time, tastes that rise and disappear with equal speed. Christian organizations give these things a second life, as an extra expression of their ideology.

Brian Ulrich >>

  • THRIFT (United States, 2006)

    Thrift is the story of secondhand articles, a market into which social and religious organizations devotedly pour their efforts. As a rule the goods are processed by volunteers or by people who - often as part of their parole conditions - are working on a return to society. What goes through their hands is the tangible evidence of the whims of fashion in our time, tastes that rise and disappear with equal speed. Christian organizations give these things a second life, as an extra expression of their ideology.

  • THRIFT (United States, 2006)

Guy Veloso

Guy Veloso

PENITENTES (Brazil, 2002-2007)

In Brazil the line between religion and fanaticism is very narrow, observes Guy Veloso. He photographed religious scenes in the barren and impoverished hinterland, where the body plays an important role in religious experience. Clad in white tunics, the believers expiate their sins with song, prayer, and sometimes also self-chastisement. The Catholic church has no involvement with these rituals and usually condemns them. In some cases the police take action against the believers.

Guy Veloso >>

  • PENITENTES (Brazil, 2002-2007)

    In Brazil the line between religion and fanaticism is very narrow, observes Guy Veloso. He photographed religious scenes in the barren and impoverished hinterland, where the body plays an important role in religious experience. Clad in white tunics, the believers expiate their sins with song, prayer, and sometimes also self-chastisement. The Catholic church has no involvement with these rituals and usually condemns them. In some cases the police take action against the believers.

  • PENITENTES (Brazil, 2002-2007)

  • PENITENTES (Brazil, 2002-2007)

Karine Versluis

Karine Versluis

STAPHORST (Netherlands, 2007)

In the Netherlands the town of Staphorst is synonymous with religion, conservatism, and black stockings. Almost every Dutchman is sensitive about this stereotypical image, although only a few have ever actually been to Staphorst. Karine Versluis, herself born in Staphorst, photographed daily life in the notorious town. She saw how different generations deal with the traditions differently. A lot has changed in Staphorst in the last thirty years, Versluis concluded. Religion still plays a large role there, but the town is also moving with the times. – Buttering currant bread during a year-end social gathering.

Karine Versluis >>

  • STAPHORST (Netherlands, 2007)

    In the Netherlands the town of Staphorst is synonymous with religion, conservatism, and black stockings. Almost every Dutchman is sensitive about this stereotypical image, although only a few have ever actually been to Staphorst. Karine Versluis, herself born in Staphorst, photographed daily life in the notorious town. She saw how different generations deal with the traditions differently. A lot has changed in Staphorst in the last thirty years, Versluis concluded. Religion still plays a large role there, but the town is also moving with the times. – Buttering currant bread during a year-end social gathering.

  • STAPHORST (Netherlands, 2007)

    Churchgoers during the Day of Prayer for the Crops, held every year on the second Wednesday of March.

Dirk-Jan Visser

Dirk-Jan Visser

DANISH CARTOON RIOTS (Syria, 2006)

Investigations by the United Nations indicated that Syria apparently had a hand in the assassination of Lebanese president Hariri. International sanctions followed, at which point the Syrian government opted for confrontation. It carried out policies that were intended to stir up anti-Western sentiments among its population. In that light, the Danish cartoon riots just fit the bill, because with them the enemy got a face that was simple to use in reinforcing anti-Western feelings. Although Syria has a tough secret police, demonstrators were able to burn down the Danish embassy unhindered.

Dirk-Jan Visser >>

  • DANISH CARTOON RIOTS (Syria, 2006)

    Investigations by the United Nations indicated that Syria apparently had a hand in the assassination of Lebanese president Hariri. International sanctions followed, at which point the Syrian government opted for confrontation. It carried out policies that were intended to stir up anti-Western sentiments among its population. In that light, the Danish cartoon riots just fit the bill, because with them the enemy got a face that was simple to use in reinforcing anti-Western feelings. Although Syria has a tough secret police, demonstrators were able to burn down the Danish embassy unhindered.

  • DANISH CARTOON RIOTS (Syria, 2006)

  • DANISH CARTOON RIOTS (Syria, 2006)

  • Danish Cartoon Riots

  • DANISH CARTOON RIOTS (Syria, 2006)

Paul Weinberg

Paul Weinberg

MOVING SPIRIT (South Africa, 2006)

Paul Weinberg photographed religious rituals in the southern part of Africa. He saw a wide variety of spiritual currents, from Christianity, Hinduism and Islam to ancestor worship and New Age cults. Many emerge from traditional South Africa, others are imported. For instance, a Zanzibari religious community are the descendants of a group of slaves washed ashore 150 years ago near Durban after a shipwreck. Weinberg notes that through the failure of politics to create a better life for people after the abolition of apartheid, many Africans are turning back to religion.

Paul Weinberg >>

  • MOVING SPIRIT (South Africa, 2006)

    Paul Weinberg photographed religious rituals in the southern part of Africa. He saw a wide variety of spiritual currents, from Christianity, Hinduism and Islam to ancestor worship and New Age cults. Many emerge from traditional South Africa, others are imported. For instance, a Zanzibari religious community are the descendants of a group of slaves washed ashore 150 years ago near Durban after a shipwreck. Weinberg notes that through the failure of politics to create a better life for people after the abolition of apartheid, many Africans are turning back to religion.

  • MOVING SPIRIT (South Africa, 2006)

  • MOVING SPIRIT (South Africa, 2006)

  • MOVING SPIRIT (South Africa, 2006)

  • MOVING SPIRIT (South Africa, 2006)

Jonathan Weitzman and Zvulun Ronen

Jonathan Weitzman and Zvulun Ronen

ISRAELI SETTLER (Israel, 2005-2007)

About 268,000 Jewish colonists believe that God has given them the West Bank. They base their claim on the Old Testament. In it God promises Abraham that the region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan river belongs to the Jewish people. Since the conquest of the West Bank in 1967, the colonists have been actively supported by Israeli politics. But the West Bank also includes settlements that have been built without the permission of the authorities. The residents of these settlements insist that it is their right to occupy the whole region. In recent years tensions have risen between these colonists and their less radical countrymen. Especially the clearance of illegal settlements has led to riots.

Jonathan Weitzman and Zvulun Ronen >>

  • ISRAELI SETTLER (Israel, 2005-2007)

    About 268,000 Jewish colonists believe that God has given them the West Bank. They base their claim on the Old Testament. In it God promises Abraham that the region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan river belongs to the Jewish people. Since the conquest of the West Bank in 1967, the colonists have been actively supported by Israeli politics. But the West Bank also includes settlements that have been built without the permission of the authorities. The residents of these settlements insist that it is their right to occupy the whole region. In recent years tensions have risen between these colonists and their less radical countrymen. Especially the clearance of illegal settlements has led to riots.

  • Israeli Settler

  • ISRAELI SETTLER (Israel, 2005-2007)

  • ISRAELI SETTLER (Israel, 2005-2007)

  • ISRAELI SETTLER (Israel, 2005-2007)

Bruce West

Bruce West

SPIRITUAL ADVISOR TO THE WORLD (United States, 1994-2007)

Since 1994 Bruce West has been photographing the Rev. H.D. Dennis, a self-ordained preacher in Vicksburg, Mississippi. He has been busy for the last twenty years rebuilding his wife's grocery store into his own church, unconnected with any denomination. His efforts have already led to various towers, an Ark of the Covenant with the Ten Commandments in it, and a large collection of objects from religious popular culture. The prominent architect Samuel Mockbee proclaimed the result one of the most important architectonic sites in the south of the United States.

Bruce West >>

  • SPIRITUAL ADVISOR TO THE WORLD (United States, 1994-2007)

    Since 1994 Bruce West has been photographing the Rev. H.D. Dennis, a self-ordained preacher in Vicksburg, Mississippi. He has been busy for the last twenty years rebuilding his wife's grocery store into his own church, unconnected with any denomination. His efforts have already led to various towers, an Ark of the Covenant with the Ten Commandments in it, and a large collection of objects from religious popular culture. The prominent architect Samuel Mockbee proclaimed the result one of the most important architectonic sites in the south of the United States.

  • SPIRITUAL ADVISOR TO THE WORLD (United States, 1994-2007)

Veronica Widjaja

Veronica Widjaja

UNBREAKABLE (Indonesia, 2006)

Veronica Widjaja has produced a portrait of Evi Juwita, a 29-year-old Muslim from Aceh who lost her husband and small son during the tsunami. Her role in coordinating the reconstruction led to her having her own business that rebuilds homes for victims who are not able to do the rebuilding themselves. As a contractor Evi now operates in a man's world, as an example of emancipation in Islamic Aceh. In this, she is an exception. Because in most Islamic countries women are regarded as inferior, the majority of their women will never fulfill any role of importance, in either the family or society.

Veronica Widjaja >>

  • UNBREAKABLE (Indonesia, 2006)

    Veronica Widjaja has produced a portrait of Evi Juwita, a 29-year-old Muslim from Aceh who lost her husband and small son during the tsunami. Her role in coordinating the reconstruction led to her having her own business that rebuilds homes for victims who are not able to do the rebuilding themselves. As a contractor Evi now operates in a man's world, as an example of emancipation in Islamic Aceh. In this, she is an exception. Because in most Islamic countries women are regarded as inferior, the majority of their women will never fulfill any role of importance, in either the family or society.

  • UNBREAKABLE (Indonesia, 2006)

  • UNBREAKABLE (Indonesia, 2006)

  • UNBREAKABLE (Indonesia, 2006)

  • UNBREAKABLE (Indonesia, 2006)

Daimon Xanthopoulos

Daimon Xanthopoulos

HIDDEN WAR (Uganda, 2005)

For more than twenty years now northern Uganda has been terrorized by the Lord's Resistance Army. This rebel group under the leadership of Joseph Kony wants to found a state based on the biblical Ten Commandments. To fill the ranks of its army, Kony kidnaps children who are then used as child soldiers or sex slaves. It is estimated that the Resistance Army has abducted 20,000 children already, who have been trained and brainwashed in neighboring Sudan. Kony is regarded as a spiritual leader by his followers. He is driven by visions and possesses magic powers. According to Kony himself, as an angel of God it is his calling to create a new world order on the basis of the Ten Commandments - commandments that he himself constantly violates.

Daimon Xanthopoulos >>

  • HIDDEN WAR (Uganda, 2005)

    For more than twenty years now northern Uganda has been terrorized by the Lord's Resistance Army. This rebel group under the leadership of Joseph Kony wants to found a state based on the biblical Ten Commandments. To fill the ranks of its army, Kony kidnaps children who are then used as child soldiers or sex slaves. It is estimated that the Resistance Army has abducted 20,000 children already, who have been trained and brainwashed in neighboring Sudan. Kony is regarded as a spiritual leader by his followers. He is driven by visions and possesses magic powers. According to Kony himself, as an angel of God it is his calling to create a new world order on the basis of the Ten Commandments - commandments that he himself constantly violates.

  • HIDDEN WAR (Uganda, 2005)

  • HIDDEN WAR (Uganda, 2005)

  • HIDDEN WAR (Uganda, 2005)

  • HIDDEN WAR (Uganda, 2005)

Snigdha Zaman

Snigdha Zaman

ALIVE IN A DEATH ROBE (Bangladesh, 2004)

Baul is a spiritual movement in Bangladesh that denies an afterlife, and allows men and women equal status. Anyone wishing to join becomes a disciple of a guru and must live by begging. After a long initiation process the believer receives the khilafat and, dressed in a shroud from that moment on, breaks all ties with his or her former life. The believer is now free from all emotions, relations, possessions and lust.

Snigdha Zaman >>

  • ALIVE IN A DEATH ROBE (Bangladesh, 2004)

    Baul is a spiritual movement in Bangladesh that denies an afterlife, and allows men and women equal status. Anyone wishing to join becomes a disciple of a guru and must live by begging. After a long initiation process the believer receives the khilafat and, dressed in a shroud from that moment on, breaks all ties with his or her former life. The believer is now free from all emotions, relations, possessions and lust.

  • ALIVE IN A DEATH ROBE (Bangladesh, 2004)

  • ALIVE IN A DEATH ROBE (Bangladesh, 2004)

Hai Zhou

Hai Zhou

TIBETAN BUDDHISM (Tibet / China, 2005-2007)

Buddhism originally came from India. The first traces of this spiritual current in Tibet date from the 7th century, after which the country developed its own variant of the religion. The Chinese occupation of Tibet in 1949 and the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s and '70s had a destructive effect on Tibetan Buddhism. The Chinese government resettled many Tibetans in the surrounding provinces of Quinghai, Gansu, Szechuan, Inner Mongolia, Yunnan and Sinkiang. An unintended consequence of this has been that Tibetan Buddhism in these areas, although also suppressed there by the Chinese regime, has begun to exercise a serious influence on the daily lives of the Tibetans and Chinese who live there.

Hai Zhou >>

  • TIBETAN BUDDHISM (Tibet / China, 2005-2007)

    Buddhism originally came from India. The first traces of this spiritual current in Tibet date from the 7th century, after which the country developed its own variant of the religion. The Chinese occupation of Tibet in 1949 and the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s and '70s had a destructive effect on Tibetan Buddhism. The Chinese government resettled many Tibetans in the surrounding provinces of Quinghai, Gansu, Szechuan, Inner Mongolia, Yunnan and Sinkiang. An unintended consequence of this has been that Tibetan Buddhism in these areas, although also suppressed there by the Chinese regime, has begun to exercise a serious influence on the daily lives of the Tibetans and Chinese who live there.

  • TIBETAN BUDDHISM (Tibet / China, 2005-2007)

  • TIBETAN BUDDHISM (Tibet / China, 2005-2007)

  • TIBETAN BUDDHISM (Tibet / China, 2005-2007)

Ivan Zhuk

Ivan Zhuk

PEOPLE OF FAITH (Russia, 2005-2007)

For over a millennium the Orthodox faith has been inseparably linked with Russia. According to the famous writer Dostoevsky, without faith man is 'depraved, in fact less than nothing'.

Ivan Zhuk >>

  • PEOPLE OF FAITH (Russia, 2005-2007)

    For over a millennium the Orthodox faith has been inseparably linked with Russia. According to the famous writer Dostoevsky, without faith man is 'depraved, in fact less than nothing'.

  • PEOPLE OF FAITH (Russia, 2005-2007)

Khaled Zighari

Khaled Zighari

THE CONFRONTATION (Israel / Palestine, 1995-2000)

For the past decade Khaled Zighari has been photographing the Israeli-Palestinian conflict on the West Bank of the Jordan. During his work he has been arrested and assaulted by the Israeli riot police several times, and was even once shot at close range. This fits in the pattern of deliberate attacks by journalists by the Israeli army in order to obstruct negative reporting on Israeli actions. The result is a series of grim, dark photographs about the hard reality of Israel's military occupation of the West Bank.

Khaled Zighari >>

  • THE CONFRONTATION (Israel / Palestine, 1995-2000)

    For the past decade Khaled Zighari has been photographing the Israeli-Palestinian conflict on the West Bank of the Jordan. During his work he has been arrested and assaulted by the Israeli riot police several times, and was even once shot at close range. This fits in the pattern of deliberate attacks by journalists by the Israeli army in order to obstruct negative reporting on Israeli actions. The result is a series of grim, dark photographs about the hard reality of Israel's military occupation of the West Bank.

  • THE CONFRONTATION (Israel / Palestine, 1995-2000)

  • THE CONFRONTATION (Israel / Palestine, 1995-2000)

  • THE CONFRONTATION (Israel / Palestine, 1995-2000)

  • THE CONFRONTATION (Israel / Palestine, 1995-2000)

Francesco Zizola

Francesco Zizola

NUBA (Sudan, 1997-2002)

The Nuba Mountains, lying in the middle of Sudan, are a natural barrier between the black Christian and the Arab Islamic parts of Africa. With the introduction of Sharia - Islamic law and administration of justice - in Sudan in 1983, the mountains became a good refuge for the Nuba. That tribe rebelled against the Sharia, just as did the south Sudanese, largely Christian and animist rebels. For decades the Nuba were isolated from the world, living under almost prehistoric conditions. Francesco Zizola traveled five times to the Nuba Mountains to record how the Nuba sought to survive, maintaining their own traditions. The discovery of oil in the mountains possibly presages better times.

Francesco Zizola >>

  • NUBA (Sudan, 1997-2002)

    The Nuba Mountains, lying in the middle of Sudan, are a natural barrier between the black Christian and the Arab Islamic parts of Africa. With the introduction of Sharia - Islamic law and administration of justice - in Sudan in 1983, the mountains became a good refuge for the Nuba. That tribe rebelled against the Sharia, just as did the south Sudanese, largely Christian and animist rebels. For decades the Nuba were isolated from the world, living under almost prehistoric conditions. Francesco Zizola traveled five times to the Nuba Mountains to record how the Nuba sought to survive, maintaining their own traditions. The discovery of oil in the mountains possibly presages better times.

  • NUBA (Sudan, 1997-2002)

  • NUBA (Sudan, 1997-2002)

  • NUBA (Sudan, 1997-2002)

  • NUBA (Sudan, 1997-2002)

Lana Slezic

Lana Slezic

FORSAKEN (Afghanistan, 2004-2006)

For two years Lana Slezic documented the lives of women in Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban. What she encountered did not square with the picture painted by the Western media of schools for girls, streets without burkas and women who were no longer oppressed. On the contrary: from her travels around the country and the conversations she had with women as she moved around, it appeared that Afghanistan was still a ruthless and tribal land in which - certainly outside of Kabul - women and girls were the chief victims. Forsaken tells their story, a story that they themselves cannot tell.

Lana Slezic >>

  • FORSAKEN (Afghanistan, 2004-2006)

    For two years Lana Slezic documented the lives of women in Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban. What she encountered did not square with the picture painted by the Western media of schools for girls, streets without burkas and women who were no longer oppressed. On the contrary: from her travels around the country and the conversations she had with women as she moved around, it appeared that Afghanistan was still a ruthless and tribal land in which - certainly outside of Kabul - women and girls were the chief victims. Forsaken tells their story, a story that they themselves cannot tell.

  • FORSAKEN (Afghanistan, 2004-2006)

  • FORSAKEN (Afghanistan, 2004-2006)

  • FORSAKEN (Afghanistan, 2004-2006)

  • FORSAKEN (Afghanistan, 2004-2006)

Bartek Wrzesniowski

Bartek Wrzesniowski

SHNE NDOU - REBIRTH OF FAITH IN ALBANIA (Albania, 2006)

For nearly fifty years Albania groaned under the regime of the Communist dictator Enver Hoxha. Religion was forbidden during those years. Churches were rebuilt to become sports centers and no religious symbols were permitted anywhere - not even in homes. Albania was even officially declared the only atheistic country in the world. Nevertheless, religion is still alive and kicking there. For example, every year thousands of pilgrims - Muslims, Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians alike - gather at the crag of Shne Ndou, near the village of Lac. Here the saint Shne Ndou is reputed to have performed miracles during his journey from Jerusalem to the Vatican. According to believers, touching the rocks at this place has a healing effect. About seventy percent of the Albanian population are Muslim, twenty percent Orthodox, and the remainder Roman Catholic.

Bartek Wrzesniowski >>

  • SHNE NDOU - REBIRTH OF FAITH IN ALBANIA (Albania, 2006)

    For nearly fifty years Albania groaned under the regime of the Communist dictator Enver Hoxha. Religion was forbidden during those years. Churches were rebuilt to become sports centers and no religious symbols were permitted anywhere - not even in homes. Albania was even officially declared the only atheistic country in the world. Nevertheless, religion is still alive and kicking there. For example, every year thousands of pilgrims - Muslims, Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians alike - gather at the crag of Shne Ndou, near the village of Lac. Here the saint Shne Ndou is reputed to have performed miracles during his journey from Jerusalem to the Vatican. According to believers, touching the rocks at this place has a healing effect. About seventy percent of the Albanian population are Muslim, twenty percent Orthodox, and the remainder Roman Catholic.

  • SHNE NDOU - REBIRTH OF FAITH IN ALBANIA (Albania, 2006)

  • SHNE NDOU - REBIRTH OF FAITH IN ALBANIA (Albania, 2006)

  • SHNE NDOU - REBIRTH OF FAITH IN ALBANIA (Albania, 2006)

Abir Abdullah

Abir Abdullah

RELIGION AND POLITICS IN BANGLADESH (Bangladesh, 2005-2006)

Although it is not the official state religion, Islam plays an important role in Bangladesh. Islamic rituals are a regular part of everyday life, and two festivals in particular are of national importance. The first celebrates the birthday of Mohammed, and the second, called Eid, is the largest gathering of Moslems after the hadj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca. The American invasion of Iraq and the commotion surrounding the Danish cartoons of Mohammed also led to many demonstrations in Bangladesh.

Abir Abdullah >>

  • RELIGION AND POLITICS IN BANGLADESH (Bangladesh, 2005-2006)

    Although it is not the official state religion, Islam plays an important role in Bangladesh. Islamic rituals are a regular part of everyday life, and two festivals in particular are of national importance. The first celebrates the birthday of Mohammed, and the second, called Eid, is the largest gathering of Moslems after the hadj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca. The American invasion of Iraq and the commotion surrounding the Danish cartoons of Mohammed also led to many demonstrations in Bangladesh.

  • RELIGION AND POLITICS IN BANGLADESH (Bangladesh, 2005-2006)

  • RELIGION AND POLITICS IN BANGLADESH (Bangladesh, 2005-2006)

  • RELIGION AND POLITICS IN BANGLADESH (Bangladesh, 2005-2006)

Children of Abraham

Abbas

Abbas

CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM

Abbas >>

  • CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM

  • CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM

  • CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM

  • CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM

  • CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM

  • CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM

Material World

Lauren Greenfield

Lauren Greenfield

THIN & GIRL CULTURE (United States, 1998-2006)

It pains Lauren Greenfield to see how American girls and women increasingly confuse their appearance with their identity. She derives this observation in part from the book The Body Project by the social historian Joan Jacobs Brumberg. The book suggests that in the United States, girls are less protected by traditional institutions such as the family and religion. That makes them more vulnerable to advertising and media, in which the body and physical appearance play a prominent role. One consequence is that many girls and women regard their body as a project, in the belief that it is the most important expression of their personality.

Lauren Greenfield >>

  • THIN & GIRL CULTURE (United States, 1998-2006)

    It pains Lauren Greenfield to see how American girls and women increasingly confuse their appearance with their identity. She derives this observation in part from the book The Body Project by the social historian Joan Jacobs Brumberg. The book suggests that in the United States, girls are less protected by traditional institutions such as the family and religion. That makes them more vulnerable to advertising and media, in which the body and physical appearance play a prominent role. One consequence is that many girls and women regard their body as a project, in the belief that it is the most important expression of their personality.

  • THIN & GIRL CULTURE (United States, 1998-2006)

  • THIN & GIRL CULTURE (United States, 1998-2006)

  • THIN & GIRL CULTURE (United States, 1998-2006)

  • THIN & GIRL CULTURE (United States, 1998-2006)

Mathieu Bernard-Reymond

Mathieu Bernard-Reymond

TV (Switzerland, 2004-2007)

We often hear it said that the television is the idol of our times. We sit before it daily for hours, sometimes slavishly, sometimes in ecstasy. Thus there are countless religious connotations applied to the television. It often proclaims its own reality, it is a source of inspiration for many, and for others is the guiding light of their lives. The box in our living rooms symbolizes the influence of the whole medium on our daily lives, and on the world as a whole. In a city of his own creation Mathieu Bernard- Reymond has replaced all the windows by television screens. In doing so he emphasizes the omnipresence of the spiritual medium of our day: television.

Mathieu Bernard-Reymond >>

  • TV (Switzerland, 2004-2007)

    We often hear it said that the television is the idol of our times. We sit before it daily for hours, sometimes slavishly, sometimes in ecstasy. Thus there are countless religious connotations applied to the television. It often proclaims its own reality, it is a source of inspiration for many, and for others is the guiding light of their lives. The box in our living rooms symbolizes the influence of the whole medium on our daily lives, and on the world as a whole. In a city of his own creation Mathieu Bernard- Reymond has replaced all the windows by television screens. In doing so he emphasizes the omnipresence of the spiritual medium of our day: television.

  • TV (Switzerland, 2004-2007)

  • TV (Switzerland, 2004-2007)

Frank Breuer

Frank Breuer

LOGOS (Germany, 1995-2006)

Frank Breuer has noted that consumers increasingly identify with products. They identify their ideals, aims in life and wishes with brands, the logos for which are prominently present all around us. Like modern icons they decorate our façades, bags, clothing and billboards - everywhere, in all dimensions, because a logo has no predetermined size. That is a parallel with photography, where images can also be enlarged and reduced as one wishes. Here Frank Breuer reduces monumental commercial logos to the familiar dimensions of a newspaper advert. Moreover, by isolating the logos he reveals how alien they are to the natural environment.

Frank Breuer >>

  • LOGOS (Germany, 1995-2006)

    Frank Breuer has noted that consumers increasingly identify with products. They identify their ideals, aims in life and wishes with brands, the logos for which are prominently present all around us. Like modern icons they decorate our façades, bags, clothing and billboards - everywhere, in all dimensions, because a logo has no predetermined size. That is a parallel with photography, where images can also be enlarged and reduced as one wishes. Here Frank Breuer reduces monumental commercial logos to the familiar dimensions of a newspaper advert. Moreover, by isolating the logos he reveals how alien they are to the natural environment.

  • LOGOS (Germany, 1995-2006)

  • LOGOS (Germany, 1995-2006)

  • LOGOS (Germany, 1995-2006)

  • LOGOS (Germany, 1995-2006)

Dennis Chamberlin

Dennis Chamberlin

SCREEN CULTURE (United States, 2005-2007)

Technology has become a self-evident part of human existence. For instance, we cannot imagine life any more without the television or computer screen. If such media were originally developed in order to facilitate communication between people, practice currently reveals that the opposite has happened. While children are absorbed in computer games, their parents sit mesmerized by their favorite television programs. Dennis Chamberlin documented our profound relation with the viewing screen. Photographing his own family, among others, he came to the conclusion, "Once upon a time we talked with each other. Now we worship the screen."

Dennis Chamberlin >>

  • SCREEN CULTURE (United States, 2005-2007)

    Technology has become a self-evident part of human existence. For instance, we cannot imagine life any more without the television or computer screen. If such media were originally developed in order to facilitate communication between people, practice currently reveals that the opposite has happened. While children are absorbed in computer games, their parents sit mesmerized by their favorite television programs. Dennis Chamberlin documented our profound relation with the viewing screen. Photographing his own family, among others, he came to the conclusion, "Once upon a time we talked with each other. Now we worship the screen."

  • SCREEN CULTURE (United States, 2005-2007)

  • SCREEN CULTURE (United States, 2005-2007)

  • SCREEN CULTURE (United States, 2005-2007)

  • SCREEN CULTURE (United States, 2005-2007)

Dirk Gebhard and David Klammer

Dirk Gebhard and David Klammer

HEIMVORTEIL (Germany, 2006)

In the summer of 2006, the World Cup football championships were held in Germany. The tournament brought 704 players and 32 teams together, drew 4 million football lovers from 32 countries, produced 147 goals, 75 yellow cards, and nine red cards. For 31 days there were massive expressions of joy, tension, sorrow, and almost religious devotion. Because football is emotion: everybody knows that. During the World Cup 2006 David Klammer and Dirk Gebhardt turned their cameras on the collective fascination with the object that for the moment overshadowed everything else: the ball.

Dirk Gebhard and David Klammer >>

  • HEIMVORTEIL (Germany, 2006)

    In the summer of 2006, the World Cup football championships were held in Germany. The tournament brought 704 players and 32 teams together, drew 4 million football lovers from 32 countries, produced 147 goals, 75 yellow cards, and nine red cards. For 31 days there were massive expressions of joy, tension, sorrow, and almost religious devotion. Because football is emotion: everybody knows that. During the World Cup 2006 David Klammer and Dirk Gebhardt turned their cameras on the collective fascination with the object that for the moment overshadowed everything else: the ball.

  • HEIMVORTEIL (Germany, 2006)

  • HEIMVORTEIL (Germany, 2006)

  • HEIMVORTEIL (Germany, 2006)

  • HEIMVORTEIL (Germany, 2006)

  • HEIMVORTEIL (Germany, 2006)

Christopher Morris

Christopher Morris

MY AMERICA (United States, 2006)

For the past five years photojournalist Christopher Morris has reported on George Bush's term in office for Time Magazine. As a photographer with the right passes and privileges, he could easily penetrate the heart of political power in the United States. That gave him the chance to produce the personal series My America while on his official assignments, in which he shows us how patriotism, power, politics and religious devotion mix in what outside the country is experienced as a typically American cocktail.

Christopher Morris >>

  • MY AMERICA (United States, 2006)

    For the past five years photojournalist Christopher Morris has reported on George Bush's term in office for Time Magazine. As a photographer with the right passes and privileges, he could easily penetrate the heart of political power in the United States. That gave him the chance to produce the personal series My America while on his official assignments, in which he shows us how patriotism, power, politics and religious devotion mix in what outside the country is experienced as a typically American cocktail.

  • MY AMERICA (United States, 2006)

  • MY AMERICA (United States, 2006)

  • MY AMERICA (United States, 2006)

  • MY AMERICA (United States, 2006)

Michael Najjar

Michael Najjar

BIONIC ANGEL (Germany, 2006)

With increasing frequency, man is playing God. Developments in genetics, robotics, computer science and nanotechnology intervene with our bodies, our minds, our identity and our offspring. All these sciences are directed toward improving mankind. Genetic and technological possibilities hold out the promise of a superior humanity, strikingly enough rooted as far back as in classical antiquity. The idealized image of man that was the norm there was rediscovered in the Renaissance as the perfect image of human control over body and mind. Michael Najjar unites this timeless ideal in a playful metamorphosis of old and new representations of the ideal human.

Michael Najjar >>

  • BIONIC ANGEL (Germany, 2006)

    With increasing frequency, man is playing God. Developments in genetics, robotics, computer science and nanotechnology intervene with our bodies, our minds, our identity and our offspring. All these sciences are directed toward improving mankind. Genetic and technological possibilities hold out the promise of a superior humanity, strikingly enough rooted as far back as in classical antiquity. The idealized image of man that was the norm there was rediscovered in the Renaissance as the perfect image of human control over body and mind. Michael Najjar unites this timeless ideal in a playful metamorphosis of old and new representations of the ideal human.

  • BIONIC ANGEL (Germany, 2006)

Manit Sriwanichpoom

Manit Sriwanichpoom

PINK MAN IN PARADISE (Indonesia, 2003)

Around midnight on October 12, 2002, a bomb exploded in front of a nightclub in Bali. More than 200 people, primarily Australian tourists, lost their lives. It was the largest attack ever committed on the Indonesian island, in the blink of an eye turning it from a tropical paradise into a hell. At the same moment it became clear that no one, anywhere, was safe from Islamic terrorism. That realization is also found in Pink Man, introduced by Manit Sriwanichpoom in a previous series as a critical commentary on the replacement of traditional culture by commercial ideals. As the archetypical tourist with a compulsive need for excitement and relaxation, he wanders across Bali, in search of the lost paradise.

Manit Sriwanichpoom >>

  • PINK MAN IN PARADISE (Indonesia, 2003)

    Around midnight on October 12, 2002, a bomb exploded in front of a nightclub in Bali. More than 200 people, primarily Australian tourists, lost their lives. It was the largest attack ever committed on the Indonesian island, in the blink of an eye turning it from a tropical paradise into a hell. At the same moment it became clear that no one, anywhere, was safe from Islamic terrorism. That realization is also found in Pink Man, introduced by Manit Sriwanichpoom in a previous series as a critical commentary on the replacement of traditional culture by commercial ideals. As the archetypical tourist with a compulsive need for excitement and relaxation, he wanders across Bali, in search of the lost paradise.

  • PINK MAN IN PARADISE (Indonesia, 2003)

  • PINK MAN IN PARADISE (Indonesia, 2003)

Wang Tong

Wang Tong

MAO ON THE WALL (China, 1994-2003)

In 1976, when news of the death of the Chinese leader Mao was released, the elementary school Wang Tong attended immediately began with memorial ceremonies. After seeing a tear on his teacher's face, Wang Tong himself cried uncontrollably. His grief was honest, he says now, although the result of indoctrination. Years later, when he saw a weathered portrait of Mao on a wall, the scene came back to his mind. Wang Tong decided to document the public worship of the Great Leader, so inseparable from his boyhood and China. It appeared to be a race against the clock, as the portraits were increasingly disappearing before rising modernity. After nine years Wang Tong called a halt to his project; he had had enough, and acknowledged that the future had indeed arrived.

Wang Tong >>

  • MAO ON THE WALL (China, 1994-2003)

    In 1976, when news of the death of the Chinese leader Mao was released, the elementary school Wang Tong attended immediately began with memorial ceremonies. After seeing a tear on his teacher's face, Wang Tong himself cried uncontrollably. His grief was honest, he says now, although the result of indoctrination. Years later, when he saw a weathered portrait of Mao on a wall, the scene came back to his mind. Wang Tong decided to document the public worship of the Great Leader, so inseparable from his boyhood and China. It appeared to be a race against the clock, as the portraits were increasingly disappearing before rising modernity. After nine years Wang Tong called a halt to his project; he had had enough, and acknowledged that the future had indeed arrived.

  • MAO ON THE WALL (China, 1994-2003)

  • MAO ON THE WALL (China, 1994-2003)

  • MAO ON THE WALL (China, 1994-2003)

  • MAO ON THE WALL (China, 1994-2003)

Brian Ulrich

Brian Ulrich

COPIA (United States, 2001-2007)

In 2001 the American government called on its citizens to stimulate the national economy by shopping as much as possible. Consumerism was equated with patriotism. Copia - literally 'plenty' - is a response to this. The series shows a consumer-dominated culture and the disastrous consequences this has in the form of overconsumption and the constant bombardment of advertising. Copia confronts the consumer with his or her rituals in order to raise consciousness of the commercial world in which they live, and the role they themselves play in it. Brian Ulrich particularly photographed how the traditional excitement about a purchase has been exchanged for listless consumption.

Brian Ulrich >>

  • COPIA (United States, 2001-2007)

    In 2001 the American government called on its citizens to stimulate the national economy by shopping as much as possible. Consumerism was equated with patriotism. Copia - literally 'plenty' - is a response to this. The series shows a consumer-dominated culture and the disastrous consequences this has in the form of overconsumption and the constant bombardment of advertising. Copia confronts the consumer with his or her rituals in order to raise consciousness of the commercial world in which they live, and the role they themselves play in it. Brian Ulrich particularly photographed how the traditional excitement about a purchase has been exchanged for listless consumption.

  • COPIA (United States, 2001-2007)

  • COPIA (United States, 2001-2007)

  • COPIA (United States, 2001-2007)

  • COPIA (United States, 2001-2007)